## How does turbulence affect the mass transfer coefficient?

The main effect of the clustering is to decrease the overall mass transfer rate. The second way turbulence influences the mass transfer rate is by increasing the mean velocity difference between the particle and the gas. This effect will increase the mass transfer rate.

**What is turbulent mass transfer?**

In the region of the boundary layer most distant from the surface, flow is turbulent and mass transfer is the result of the interchange of large portions of the fluid. Mass interchange is rapid, and concentration gra-dients are low.

### What is Eddy mixing?

Eddy diffusion, eddy dispersion, or turbulent diffusion is a process by which substances are mixed in the atmosphere, the ocean or in any fluid system due to eddy motion. In other words, it is mixing that is caused by eddies that can vary in size from subtropical ocean gyres down to the small Kolmogorov microscales.

**What are the units of diffusivity?**

The SI units for the diffusion coefficient are square metres per second (m2/s).

## What are the types of mass transfer coefficient?

Depending on the conditions, the nature, and the forces responsible for mass transfer, four basic types are distinguished: (1) diffusion in a quiescent medium, (2) mass transfer in laminar flow, (3) mass transfer in the turbulent flow, and (4) mass exchange between phases.

**Does mass transfer coefficient depend on flow rate?**

mass transfer coefficients. Mass transfer coefficients depend on the relevant physical properties of the fluid, the geometry used along with relevant dimensions, and the average velocity of the fluid if we are considering flow in an enclosed conduit, or the approach velocity if the flow is over an object.

### How does the mass transfer coefficient vary with the diffusivity according to the boundary layer theory?

The mass transfer coefficients, kg and ky are related according to the relation kG/P = kY/P2. According to the film theory, the mass transfer coefficient, kl, and diffusivity are related as kl µ D as boundary layer theory predicts that kl α D 0.67.

**Why eddies are formed in turbulent flow?**

Eddy is nothing but a fluid current which has a different flow direction from the general flow direction. When the flow is in the turbulent region it produces eddies. If there is a flow and any obstruction comes into the flow path, there is a high chance of the formation of eddies.

## What is the difference between Vortex and eddy?

Vortex is a region where the flow is spinning about an axis. Eddy is the swirling of a fluid,that creates a space devoid of downstream flowing fluid (like as you say behind an obstacle). In a vortex there is no void,but an area of lower pressure.In both cases there is backflow causing the fluid to rotate.