What are the 5 levels of force?


  • Level 1 – Officer Presence.
  • Level 2 – Verbalization (Verbal Commands)
  • Level 3 – Empty Hand Control.
  • Level 4 – Less-Lethal Methods.
  • Level 5 – Lethal Force.

What were the facts of the case in Graham v Connor?

Connor, 490 U.S. 386 (1989), was a United States Supreme Court case in which the Court determined that an objective reasonableness standard should apply to a civilian’s claim that law enforcement officials used excessive force in the course of making an arrest, investigatory stop, or other “seizure” of her or his …

What four kinds of stress do officers face on the job?

Stressors in police work fall into four categories:

  • Stresses inherent in police work.
  • Stresses arising internally from police department practices and policies.
  • External stresses stemming from the criminal justice system and the society at large.
  • Internal stresses confronting individual officers.

What are the 3 key fundamentals to a successful law enforcement?

The principles of necessity, proportionality and precaution, introduced in Key Terms, are expanded upon below.

What is a Level 4 use of force?

Level 4 Uses of Force include the following: Any intentional pointing of a firearm at a person. Any weaponless defense technique applied to a vulnerable area, excluding strikes, including hair grab, pressure to mastoid or jaw line, and shoulder muscle grab.

What happened to the officer in Graham vs Connor?

He was released after the officer confirmed that nothing had occurred within the convenience store, but significant time had passed and the backup officers had refused him treatment for his diabetic condition. Graham also sustained multiple injuries while handcuffed.

What strategies can an officer use to manage or combat stress?

Examples of such strategies include:

  • Self-regulation skills training to reduce negative emotions, improve sleep, and increase the use of effective coping strategies.
  • Relaxation training to reduce stress and increase sleep quality.

What are some causes of officer stress?

Factors That Can Cause Stress and Fatigue for Law Enforcement Officers

  • Poor management.
  • Inadequate or broken equipment.
  • Excessive overtime.
  • Frequent rotating shifts (see 10-Hour Shifts Offer Cost Savings and Other Benefits to Law Enforcement Agencies).

What is the weakness of law enforcement?

Weaknesses (internal limitations): Limited police presence and staffing within communities and pressure from managers in local police stations may prevent personnel from attending all the training sessions.