What are the Four elements of architecture according to semper?

In 1851 Gottfried Semper expanded the primitive hut theory when he published The Four Elements of Architecture. In an attempt to explain architectural theory through an anthropologic lens, Semper’s Caribbean hut theory defined four essential elements: hearth, roof, enclosure, and mound.

What is a mound in architecture?

Termite mounds are incredibly strong earthen structures that are also surprisingly porous. This porosity is essential for ventilation of the termites’ underground nests without affecting the nest’s temperature and humidity levels.

Who is Eugene Viollet le Duc?

Eugène-Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc, (born Jan. 27, 1814, Paris, France—died Sept. 17, 1879, Lausanne, Switz.), French Gothic Revival architect, restorer of French medieval buildings, and writer whose theories of rational architectural design linked the revivalism of the Romantic period to 20th-century Functionalism.

What is termite saliva?

Termites add saliva to the clay during building. The saliva moistens the clay to allow the clay particles to flow and surround the grains of sand. Termite saliva may also function as a plasticizer additive that gives the structure more flexibility and resistance to cracking.

What is a termite hill?

Termite hills are remarkable natural constructions. They provide ventilation and protection from flooding and predators for the termites. When the termites abandon their gigantic mounds, they are often occupied by snakes. Snakes get refuge from the heat and potential predators.

What is the Latin word for architecture?

Architecture (Latin architectura, from the Greek ἀρχιτέκτων arkhitekton “architect”, from ἀρχι- “chief” and τέκτων “creator”) is both the process and the product of planning, designing, and constructing buildings or other structures.

What does plane mean in architecture?

Architectural Plane: A two-dimensional surface defined by width and length. Primary Architectural Plane: That two-dimensional surface fronting along a street between grade and eaves. Secondary Architectural Plane: All two-dimensional surfaces of a building other than the primary architectural plan.

What did Viollet-le-Duc believe?

His writings centered on the idea that materials should be used “honestly”. He believed that the outward appearance of a building should reflect the rational construction of the building. In Entretiens sur l’architecture, Viollet-le-Duc praised the Greek temple for its rational representation of its construction.

Can termites bite?

Essentially, termites definitely bite wood and do attack other insects, but they do not bite people. Although homeowners experiencing an infestation should not be concerned about receiving bites from termites, professional extermination methods should be sought and implemented to protect the structure of your home.

What does Semper Paratus mean?

For probably as long as Captain Van Boskerck could remember, Semper Paratus had been a Revenue Cutter and Coast Guard watchword. The words themselves, “always ready” or “ever ready,” date back to ancient times.

What is the difference between “Fidelis” and “Semper Paratus”?

Fidelis is most often applied to individuals. Semper Paratus is most often applied to the service as a whole, or at least to units,”4 continuing, “It has pretty much always been that way,” and retold the 1836 Jones-Ingham story. He added, “Accordingly, the New Orleans Bee bestowed

Who wrote the song Semper Paratus?

Albert C. Clara Goss, the wife of a fur trader, let them use the beat-up piano on which the song was written. For probably as long as Captain Van Boskerck could remember, Semper Paratus had been a Revenue Cutter and Coast Guard watchword.

What is the Coast Guard song Semper Paratus?

Semper Paratus! – Always Ready! From Aztec shore to Arctic zone, to Europe and Far East. Who cheered our crews and cheered again for showing how to fight. So here’s the Coast Guard marching song, We sing on land or sea. Through surf and storm and howling gale, High shall our purpose be.