What are the symptoms of Louis Bar syndrome?

Clinical description Onset usually occurs between 1 and 2 years of age with abnormal head movements and loss of balance, followed by slurred speech and abnormal eye movements. Poor coordination and trembling of the extremities may appear towards 9-10 years of age and worsen progressively.

What causes Louis Bar syndrome?

Ataxia telangiectasia (A-T), also known as Louis-Bar syndrome, is a rare genetic form of early-onset autosomal recessive ataxia. The clinical picture is characterized by a combination of neurological and systemic symptoms due to the mutation of the ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) gene.

What are the symptoms of ataxia-telangiectasia?

Key points about ataxia telangiectasia (A-T) Symptoms often begin to show up by age 5, but they can occur later. Symptoms include slurred speech, poor balance, lack of muscle control, and tiny red spider veins in the corners of the eyes or on the ears and cheeks. There is no cure.

Is Louis Bar syndrome hereditary?

Who is at Risk for Developing this Disease? Ataxia Telangiectasia is inherited in autosomal recessive manner, which means that two healthy parents, both carriers of one ATM mutation, have at each pregnancy a 25% risk of giving birth to an affected child.

What are possible treatments for ataxia-telangiectasia?

Medical Care The life span of patients with ataxia-telangiectasia clearly has been prolonged by antibiotic treatment. Prevention of infections by regular injection of immunoglobulins is considered useful. Fetal thymus implants and stimulants of the immunologic system have given inconclusive results.

How long do fa people live?

In general, the age of disease onset correlates with life expectancy. People with earlier onset disease tend to manifest more severe symptoms and die younger. Most patients with FA survive until the ages 40-50, although life expectancy varies significantly depending on the severity of the symptoms.

How is ataxia-telangiectasia treated?

Treatment is aimed at preventing respiratory infections, supporting immune function, and treating diabetes if it develops. Supportive care often includes physical therapy, speech therapy, and occupational therapy as the condition progresses.

Who discovered Louis Bar syndrome?

Described by Denise Louis-Bar, a Belgian neuropathologist, in 1941. Autosomal recessive. The ataxia telangiectasia (AT) gene has been localized to chromosome 11q23.

What does AOA1 mean in a child?

AOA1 may come on at the toddler stage or a bit later. The child may be labelled as a “little clumsy” and may start to walk later than their brothers or sisters. Balance gradually declines and it may be noticed that running is easier than walking i.e. the child falls less.

What is the incidence of AOA1?

Genetics and incidence. AOA1 is a genetic disorder which does tend to run in families. It is an autosomal recessive condition which means brothers and sisters may have it but the parents are often unaffected. If a child in a family has the condition there is a 1 in 4 chance that other offspring will be affected.

How many members are in AOA?

The eight members were introduced individually through teaser photos from July 16 to 23 (in order: Seolhyun, Choa, Hyejeong, Chanmi, Yuna, Mina, Jimin, & Youkyung). AOA were introduced with a ‘transformer’ concept, which the group described meant they would promote alternately as a band with various members playing instruments and as a dance group.

What is ataxia with oculomotor apraxia type 1 (AOA1)?

Ataxia with oculomotor apraxia type 1 (AOA1) is characterized by childhood onset of slowly progressive cerebellar ataxia, followed by oculomotor apraxia and a severe primary motor peripheral axonal motor neuropathy.