What is the fatality rate for cholera?

If left untreated, cholera has a 25-50% mortality rate. Treatment reduces this to less than 1%. Bacteriological diagnosis of cholera is reasonably easy because cholera bacteria are abundant in stool.

What was the worst cholera pandemic?

Perhaps the worst single year of cholera was 1854; 23,000 died in Great Britain alone. The fourth and fifth cholera pandemics (beginning in 1863 and 1881, respectively) are generally considered to have been less severe than the previous ones.

Where are the highest concentrations of deaths from cholera?

From the late 1990’s through the first decade of the twenty-first century, sub-Saharan Africa has reported more cholera cases and more cholera deaths than any other region. With some exceptions, this trend has continued through most years of the second decade of this century.

Is cholera usually fatal?

Cholera can quickly become fatal. In the most severe cases, the rapid loss of large amounts of fluids and electrolytes can lead to death within hours. In less extreme situations, people who don’t receive treatment can die of dehydration and shock hours to days after cholera symptoms first appear.

What disease is cholera?

Cholera is an acute diarrheal illness caused by infection of the intestine with Vibrio cholerae bacteria. People can get sick when they swallow food or water contaminated with cholera bacteria. The infection is often mild or without symptoms, but can sometimes be severe and life-threatening.

What was black cholera?

The French called it mort de chien, the dog’s death, but others called it the blue terror or the black cholera. A victim could be healthy and active in the morning, and then suffer a kind of stunning shock, followed by vomiting and uncontrolled evacuation of the bowels.

What does a 100 mortality rate mean?

100 or 1,000. Death-to-case ratio. Number of deaths assigned to a specific cause during a given time interval. Number of new cases of same disease reported during the same time interval. 100.