What is urogenital cancer?

Genitourinary cancers is a specialised field focusing on cancers found in the urinary system and the male reproductive system. These include prostate cancer, kidney cancer, bladder cancer, testicular cancer and cancers of the penis.

What is the most common urological cancer?

Results: Bladder cancer was the most common urologic cancer in both genders. The rate difference of age standardized ratio (ASR) of bladder and renal cell carcinoma in women were 1.54 and 2.01 percent per 100,000 population from 2003 to the 2009, respectively.

What are urothelial cancers?

(YOOR-oh-THEE-lee-ul KAN-ser) Cancer that begins in cells called urothelial cells that line the urethra, bladder, ureters, renal pelvis, and some other organs. Urothelial cells are also called transitional cells. These cells can change shape and stretch without breaking apart. Also called transitional cell cancer.

What are the symptoms of urological cancer?

However, as the cancer grows, it may cause signs and symptoms, such as: Trouble with urination (difficulty starting to urinate or difficulty holding urine back) Weak urine stream or interruption of stream. Pelvic discomfort.

What is Sicoma?

A sarcoma is a malignant tumor, a type of cancer that arises from transformed cells of mesenchymal (connective tissue) origin. Connective tissue is a broad term that includes bone, cartilage, fat, vascular, or hematopoietic tissues, and sarcomas can arise in any of these types of tissues.

What is GU Oncology?

Genitourinary oncology refers to the branch of medicine that cares for cancers of the urinary and male reproductive organs. Gynecologic oncology treats cancers of the female reproductive organs. Genitourinary oncology and urologic oncology overlap.

What is urologic oncology?

Listen to pronunciation. (YOOR-uh-LAH-jik on-KAH-loh-jist) A doctor who has special training in diagnosing and treating cancers of the male and female urinary tract and the male reproductive organs.

Where is urothelial carcinoma located?

Urothelial carcinoma (transitional cell carcinoma) These cancers start in the urothelial cells that line the inside of the bladder. Urothelial cells also line other parts of the urinary tract, such as the part of the kidney that connects to the ureter (called the renal pelvis), the ureters, and the urethra.

What does urothelial carcinoma look like?

Papillary urothelial carcinoma begins by affecting the urothelial cells within the bladder or the lower parts of the kidneys, where urine pools before moving on to the bladder through the ureters. Papillary urothelial carcinoma tumors have a shape like a small mushroom.