How can the spread of community-acquired pneumonia be prevented?
You can lower your chances of getting CAP by having a yearly flu shot. The pneumococcal vaccines protect against S. pneumoniae and may help in preventing CAP. Healthcare providers advise this shot for all people older than 65.
Which factors will the nurse consider when calculating the curb 65 score for a patient with pneumonia select all that apply?
The CURB-65 score is composed of five separate elements: confusion, uremia, respiratory rate, BP, and age ≥ 65 years (Table 1).
What are the most common causes of bacterial pneumonia in neonates?
Pneumonia in neonates younger than three weeks of age most often is caused by an infection obtained from the mother at birth. Streptococcus pneumoniae and viruses are the most common causes in infants three weeks to three months of age.
Does community-acquired pneumonia require isolation?
In the absence of an alternate etiology such as influenza, patients with HIV infection who are admitted with CAP should be placed on airborne isolation while the possibility of active pulmonary tuberculosis is evaluated (eg, with sputum AFB smears/cultures), factoring in local incidence and potential exposure risk.
What is the first line treatment for community-acquired pneumonia?
The initial treatment of CAP is empiric, and macrolides or doxycycline (Vibramycin) should be used in most patients.
What is the CURB-65 criteria?
The CURB-65 is a severity score for CAP, comprising 5 variables, attributing 1 point for each item: new onset confusion; urea >7 mmol/L; respiratory rate ≥30/minute, systolic blood pressure <90 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure ≤60 mmHg; and age ≥65 years.
Is pertussis airborne or droplet precautions?
Droplet precautions are used when you have disease in your lungs or throat, such as: The flu. Pertussis (whooping cough) Mumps.