## How do you adjust specific gravity?

ADJUST BY ADDING SUGAR Add corn sugar/invert sugar/ to increase the gravity. To calculate the amount needed, take an initial gravity reading, then subtract that from the specific gravity you wish to begin with. The difference will determine approximately how much sugar to add (use table below).

## How can specific gravity be reduced?

Adjusting Specific Gravity

- Specific Gravity Adjustments.
- To increase the specific gravity of juice: Add table sugar to increase the gravity.
- To reduce the specific gravity (if sugar level is too high): 2 quarts of water will decrease a 5 gallon must approximately by 0.010.
- Sugar Conversion Table Liquid Conversion Table.

**How much sugar do you add to adjust specific gravity?**

To adjust specific gravity use the following guidelines: 14.2 ounces of sugar in 5 gallons of must (or wine) will raise the specific gravity 0.005 units. Dissolve the sugar in warm water 1-2 quarts (or gallons) depending upon the amount of sugar needed.

**What should gravity be after mash?**

Target Pre-Boil Gravity = 1.031 When your wort is post-mash and post-sparge (if applicable), you’re ready to confirm and/or adjust your volume and gravity.

### What happens if specific gravity is too high?

Ideally, urine specific gravity results will fall between 1.002 and 1.030 if your kidneys are functioning normally. Specific gravity results above 1.010 can indicate mild dehydration. The higher the number, the more dehydrated you may be.

### What happens if your original gravity is too high?

If the gravity is too high, dilute it by adding boiled or sterile water: This time we’ll assume our target was 1.056 but we overshot and came in with a gravity of 1.064, again using a 5 gallon batch. We’ll use the fact that the number of points times volume should be a constant to do the dilution.

**What if my specific gravity is too high?**

Specific gravity results above 1.010 can indicate mild dehydration. The higher the number, the more dehydrated you may be. High urine specific gravity can indicate that you have extra substances in your urine, such as: glucose.

**What if my final gravity is too high?**

If your final gravity is much higher than expected, make sure that the beer has actually finished fermenting. Give it some more time, then check the gravity again. If it stays the same, then you should look more closely.

#### What if original gravity is too low?

If your gravity is too low, add DME using the following calculation: Figure out the difference between your target and actual OG, then multiply by 1000. For example, if your target is 1.056, but you’ve got 1.048 this would give us (1.056-1.048) x 1000 = 8 points.

#### How much sugar do you put in a hydrometer?

The general advice is: assume you will need to add UP TO 1 kilo of sugar for each 4.5 litres (ie per demijohn of grapejuice). So make sure you have that much sugar available in the house (household granulated sugar is fine), but please don’t add it all at once.

**What should my final gravity reading be?**

You can estimate the approximate finishing gravity of a beer by taking into account the attenuation rate of the yeast strain you are using. For example if you have a yeast with a 75% attenuation rate and your original gravity is 1.050 the estimated final gravity would be about 1.012.

**What does a specific gravity of <= 1.005 mean?**

diabetes insipidus

Specific gravity will decrease when the water content is high and the dissolved particles are low (less concentrated). Low specific gravity (<1.005) is characteristic of diabetes insipidus, nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, acute tubular necrosis, or pyelonephritis.