Is Sundaland real?
Sundaland (also called the Sundaic region) is a biogeographical region of Southeastern Asia corresponding to a larger landmass that was exposed throughout the last 2.6 million years during periods when sea levels were lower.
Where is Sundaland hotspot located?
Politically, the hotspot covers a small portion of southern Thailand; nearly all of Malaysia; Singapore; Brunei; and the western half of Indonesia. The Nicobar Islands, which are under Indian jurisdiction, are also included.
Is Philippines part of Sunda Shelf?
Sea depths over the shelf rarely exceed 50 metres and extensive areas are less than 20 metres resulting in strong bottom friction and strong tidal friction. Steep undersea gradients separate the Sunda Shelf from the Philippines, Sulawesi, and the Lesser Sunda Islands.
Is Sundaland Indian?
Sundaland. This region lies in South-East Asia and includes Thailand, Singapore, Indonesia, Brunei, and Malaysia. The Nicobar Islands represent India. These islands were declared as the world biosphere reserve in 2013 by the United Nations.
How were sahul and Sunda land formed?
The sea level in ISEA rose after ~70 thousand years ago (kya), then sank from ~30 kya during the last glacial maximum (LGM) until ~18 kya, whereupon the landmasses of Sunda(land) (i.e. Sumatra, Java, Borneo, the Malay Peninsula and nearby islands) and Sahul (or Meganesia; i.e. Australia, New Guinea, Tasmania and nearby …
How many species are in Sundaland?
There are about 3,000 species, including more than 265 species of dipterocarps; no less than 155 of these are endemic to the island. The island also has more than 2,000 species of orchids. Notable plants in the hotspot include members of the genus Rafflesia, represented by 16 species with very large flowers.
Was there an ice bridge to Australia?
Ecology. The Arafura Shelf formed a land bridge between Australia, New Guinea, and the Aru Islands, and these lands share many Marsupial mammals, land birds, and freshwater fish as a result.
What makes Pentas so special?
What also makes Pentas so unique is the small star-shaped flowers that grow in clusters. Pentas can be grown as annuals or perennials and can be planted in a wildlife garden to attract butterflies and hummingbirds.
What is the main pest problem with Pentas?
They are not prone to many diseases and the main pest problem is spider mites. Pentas flowers can be used as annuals during summer in climates colder than USDA plant hardiness zone 10.
Is Pentas a bedding plant?
container or bedding plants. Pentas plant care is similar to any warm season perennial. They are not prone to many diseases and the main pest problem is spider mites. Pentas flowers can be used as annuals during summer in climates colder than USDA plant hardiness zone 10.
Are Pentas annuals or perennial?
Pentas plants are annuals in most climates but can be perennials in tropical areas. The overall habit of these plants is neat and compact. If plants get too long and woody, cut them back—the plants will rejuvenate themselves.