## What does through the cycle mean?

Definition. Through-the-cycle (TTC) is a technical characterization ( design choice) of a Credit Rating System. Through-the-cycle ratings aim to evaluate the Credit Risk of a borrower by taking into account only permanent (static, slowly varying) characteristics.

## What is PD finance?

Key Takeaways. Default probability, or probability of default (PD), is the likelihood that a borrower will fail to pay back a debt. For individuals, a FICO score is used to gauge credit risk. For businesses, probability of default is reflected in credit ratings.

What is the difference between LGD and EAD?

The main difference between LGD and EAD is that LGD takes into consideration any recovery on the default. For this reason, EAD is the more conservative measurement as it is the higher figure. LGD is more often the best case scenario that relies on multiple assumptions.

What is EAD and RWA?

Banks can use this approach only subject to approval from their local regulators. Under A-IRB banks are supposed to use their own quantitative models to estimate PD (probability of default), EAD (exposure at default), LGD (loss given default) and other parameters required for calculating the RWA (risk-weighted asset).

### What is point in time and through the cycle probability of default?

Point in Time and Through the Cycle Probability of Default 1 Point in Time PD: PiT PD tries to capture the variations in economic cycle and thus move along with it. PiT PD models… 2 Through the Cycle (TTC): TTC PD model tries to capture only characteristics of individual customers. More

### How do you calculate the trend-cycle component of a time series?

In the rst step a crude trend-cycle component is estimated by applying a centered moving average to the original time series. This estimated trend-cycle component is thereafter subtracted from the original series.

How do you calculate trend cycle in X-12-ARIMA?

In the X-12-ARIMA program the trend-cycle component, TC t, is estimated by mov- ing averages. The simplest form of moving averages is the symmetric moving average. First consider the following time series: x 1;x 2;x 3;:::;x t 1;x t;x t+1;:::;x t+n(22) where the index is referred to the time period.

What is the difference between point in time PD and TTC PD?

Point in Time PD: PiT PD tries to capture the variations in economic cycle and thus move along with it. PiT PD models use the current macro-economic conditions and thus the PD scores will closely track the business cycle. Through the Cycle (TTC): TTC PD model tries to capture only characteristics of individual customers.