What is ARIA in web design?

ARIA is a W3C specification that stands for “Accessible Rich Internet Applications”. It consists of markup that can be added to HTML in order to clearly communicate the roles, states, and properties of user interface elements.

What does ARIA mean in HTML?

Accessible Rich Internet Applications
Accessible Rich Internet Applications ( ARIA ) is a set of roles and attributes that define ways to make web content and web applications (especially those developed with JavaScript) more accessible to people with disabilities.

What is ARIA technique?

Description. The purpose of this technique is to provide a label for objects that can be read by assistive technology. The aria-label attribute provides the text label for an object, such as a button. When a screen reader encounters the object, the aria-label text is read so that the user will know what it is.

What is an ARIA role?

ARIA roles provide semantic meaning to content, allowing screen readers and other tools to present and support interaction with object in a way that is consistent with user expectations of that type of object.

What are aria and screen readers?

ARIA (Assistive Rich Internet Applications), is a spec from the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) that was created to improve accessibility of web pages and applications by providing extra information to screen readers via HTML attributes.

What is an aria menu?

To describe the HMTL menu to assistive technology Accessible Rich Internet Application (ARIA) markup can be added to the HTML elements used to create the menu. ARIA adds attributes to the HTML elements to communicate their roles, properties and states.

Where can I use aria?

Authors MAY use the ARIA role and aria-* attributes to change the exposed meaning (semantics) of HTML elements, in accordance with the requirements described in WAI-ARIA , except where these conflict with the strong native semantics or are equal to the implicit ARIA semantics of a given HTML element.

How do I use aria tags?

If there is visible text that labels an element, use aria-labelledby instead. The purpose of aria-label is the same as aria-labelledby . Both provide an accessible name for an element. If there is no visible name for the element you can reference, use aria-label to provide the user with a recognizable accessible name.

What are the three types of aria attributes?

ARIA attribute types

  • aria-autocomplete.
  • aria-checked.
  • aria-disabled.
  • aria-errormessage.
  • aria-expanded.
  • aria-haspopup.
  • aria-hidden.
  • aria-invalid.

What is aria bootstrap?

Accessible Rich Internet Applications (ARIA) defines ways to make Web content and Web applications (especially those developed with Ajax and JavaScript) more accessible to people with disabilities.

How do I use aria in HTML?

Use Semantic HTML Elements Where Possible Default implicit ARIA semantics refers to semantics that are already applied to an element by the browser. Elements such as nav , article and button have default implicit ARIA statements of role=”navigation” , role=”article” and role=”button” respectively.

How many aria roles are there?

An ARIA role is added via a role=”” attribute, and does not ever change for an element once it is set. There are four categories of ARIA roles: landmark.