What is part of the renal vasculature?
The renal arteries carry a large volume of blood from the heart to the kidneys. The kidneys filter waste and excess fluid from the blood. You have two renal arteries. The right renal artery supplies blood to the right kidney, while the left artery sends blood to the left kidney.
What is the difference between the left and right renal veins?
The right renal vein receives tributaries exclusively from the kidney, while the left renal vein receives several tributaries from other organs, including the left gonadal (ovarian/testicular) vein, left inferior phrenic vein and left adrenal veins.
Which veins end into the left renal vein?
The renal veins enter the vena cava around the level of L1-L2. The left renal vein is usually slightly more cephalad than the right. It receives drainage from the left gonadal, left inferior phrenic, and left adrenal veins. Renal vein anomalies are common.
What is the order of blood flow through the renal vasculature?
Answer and Explanation: Blood enters the kidney through the renal artery. From here, the renal artery branches into interlobar arteries which pass between lobes in the medulla, followed by arcuate arteries, interlobular arteries, and ultimately an afferent arteriole.
Where is the left renal artery?
The right renal artery originates from the anterolateral aspect of the aorta and runs in an inferior course behind the inferior vena cava to reach the right kidney, while the left renal artery originates slightly higher and from a more lateral aspect of the aorta, and runs almost horizontally to the left kidney.
What is the function of left renal vein?
The renal veins are blood vessels that return blood to the heart from the kidney. Each kidney is drained by its own renal vein (the right and left renal vein). Each renal vein drains into a large vein called the inferior vena cava (IVC), which carries blood directly to the heart.
What is the main function of left renal vein?
What does the left renal vein drain?
Renal Veins The left renal vein courses between the aorta and superior mesenteric artery to join the inferior vena cava. The left gonadal vein will drain into to left renal vein. The right gonadal vein drains directly into the inferior venal cava.
Why is it called nutcracker syndrome?
In most cases, compression of the left renal vein is between the abdominal aorta — the main artery in the abdomen — and the superior mesenteric artery, which brings blood to the pancreas and intestines. Nutcracker syndrome gets its name because this compression is like a nutcracker crushing a nut.
What is the pathway of blood through the kidney quizlet?
Pathway of renal blood flow: Renal artery -> segmental arteries -> interloper arteries -> arcuate arteries -> cortical radiate arteries -> afferent arterioles -> glomerulus -> efferent arterioles -> peritubular capillaries -> cortical radiate veins -> arcuate veins -> interlobar veins -> renal vein.