What is the shape of meningococcal?

N. meningitidis are gram-negative, coffee-bean shaped diplococci that may occur intracellularly or extracellularly in PMN leukocytes. N.

What is the structure of bacterial meningitis?

In gram-negative bacteria, such as N. meningitidis, the subcapsular cell envelope consists of an outer membrane (OM), a peptidoglycan layer, and a cytoplasmic or inner membrane (Fig. 1).

What kind of bacteria is meningococcal?

Bacteria called Neisseria meningitidis cause meningococcal disease. About 1 in 10 people have these bacteria in the back of their nose and throat without being ill. This is called being ‘a carrier. ‘ Sometimes the bacteria invade the body and cause certain illnesses, which are known as meningococcal disease.

Is meningococcal Gram positive or negative?

Causes. Acute bacterial meningitis can be caused by different Gram-negative bacteria including meningococcal and H influenzae.

What is the shape of listeria monocytogenes?

gram-positive rod shaped bacteria
The genus Listeria includes different species of ubiquitary present gram-positive rod shaped bacteria. The species Listeria monocytogenes causes severe diseases like meningitis and meningoencephalitis in humans.

Is meningococcal a virus or bacteria?

Meningococcal disease is any illness caused by a type of bacteria called Neisseria meningitidis. These illnesses are serious and include meningitis and bloodstream infections (septicemia). More about meningococcal disease…

What is the difference between meningococcal and meningitis?

What is the difference between bacterial meningococcal disease and viral meningitis? Bacterial meningococcal disease, including meningococcal meningitis, usually has a more sudden onset and is a more severe illness than viral meningitis.

Is meningitis caused by gram-positive bacteria?

Abstract. Primary meningitis in children is caused by two gram-negative bacterial species, Neisseria meningitidis and Haemophilus influenzae, and one gram-positive bacterial species Streptococcus pneumoniae.

What is the morphology of Neisseria?

Morphology of Neisseria gonorrhoeae: Under the microscope, it appears as a gram-negative coccus which is present in pairs (diplococci) with the flattening of the adjacent sides. The diameter ranges from 0.6-1 μm. The diplococci have kidney/coffee bean shape.

What is the size of gonorrhea bacteria?

Neisseria gonorrhoeae is a Gram-negative coccus, 0.6 to 1.0 µm in diameter, usually seen in pairs with adjacent flattened sides (Figure 1 Left and Fig 2 below).