What is the total station in surveying in PPT?
2 Total Station: The total station otherwise known as electronic tacheometer is an instrument used in surveying which is capable of measuring angles and distances electronically The total station is operated using a multi – function key board which is connected to a micro – processor built into the instrument.
What is total station PDF?
Total stations are survey instruments capable of measuring the locational position of artifacts, architecture, and topography in archaeological sites and localities to a great degree of precision and accuracy.
What is total station in surveying?
A Total Station is a modern surveying instrument that integrates an electronic theodolite with an electronic distance meter. A theodolite uses a movable telescope to measure angles in both the horizontal and vertical planes.
What are the main parts of total station?
A total station is composed of four main components; EDM (Electronic Distance Measurement), electronic theodolite, microprocessor and electronic display. For all intents and purposes the EDM’s main function is to measure distance from the total station to a reflector.
What is total station and its uses?
Total stations are the primary survey instrument used in mining surveying. A total station is used to record the absolute location of the tunnel walls, ceilings (backs), and floors as the drifts of an underground mine are driven.
How is total station used in land surveying?
Turn the total station to zero degrees on the horizontal axis. Position a reflection in the line of sight of the device. Using the EDM functionality, move the reflector until it is the correct distance away from the instrument. This is the point of the coordinates entered into the system.
What are the types of total station?
The following are various total station types used in surveying,
- Mechanical Total Stations. Mechanical Total Station.
- Robotic Total Stations. Robotic Total Station.
- Prism Total Stations. Both the mechanical & robotic total stations come under prism models.
How A total station is used?
A total station is an electronic/optical instrument used in modern surveying. It is also used by archaeologists to record excavations as well as by police, crime scene investigators, private accident Reconstructionists and insurance companies to take measurements of scenes.
What is total station and its types?
A total station is an optical surveying instrument that uses electronics to calculate angles and distances. It combines the functions of a theodolite with that of a transit level and electronic distance meter (EDM).
What is function of total station?
Total Station is an equipment used in surveying, designed for measuring horizontal and vertical angles, inclusive of measuring sloping distance of object to the instrument. It is a combination of electronic theodolite and electromagnetic distance measuring (EDM) instrument.
What are types of total station?
Types of Total Station
- Manual Total Station.
- Semiautomatic Total Station.
- Automatic Total Station.
- Servo Driven and Robotic Total Station.
- Servo Driven Total Station.
Why do we use total station in surveying?
What is a total station used for in surveying?
23. Mining • Total stations are the primary survey instrument used in mining surveying. • A total station is used to record the absolute location of the tunnel walls, ceilings (backs), and floors as the drifts of an underground mine are driven.
How should I transport total station items?
They must be packed and transported carefully, handled gently and carefully removed form their cases. The setting of Total Station over the station mark is similar to an ordinary Theodolite.
What are the advantages of a total station?
• Data collected and processed in a Total Station can be downloaded to computers for further processing. • Total station is a compact instrument and weighs 50 to 55 N. • A person can easily carry it to the field. • Total stations with different accuracy, in angle measurement and different range of measurements are available in the market.
What is a control station in a survey?
• The survey party installs control stations at regular intervals. These are small steel plugs installed in pairs in holes drilled into walls or the back. For wall stations, two plugs are installed in opposite walls, forming a line perpendicular to the drift.