What makes Mondrian an abstract artist?

Mondrian’s development of Neo-Plasticism became one of the key documents of abstract art. In the movement he detailed his vision of artistic expression in which “plasticism” referred to the action of forms and colors on the surface of the canvas as a new method for representing modern reality.

Is Piet Mondrian abstract art?

Piet Mondrian, a painter, was an important leader in the development of modern abstract art, primarily through the Dutch art movement known as De Stijl (“The Style”).

What did Mondrian call his abstract art?

Mondrian called his style Neo-Plasticism or “The New Plastic Painting,” the title of his famous 1917 essay promoting abstraction for the expression of modern life.

What is Piet Mondrian technique?

Piet Mondrian took an interest in impressionist techniques and this form of art with the early works that he did. Like Van Gogh, Mondrian uses pure, glowing colors and expressive brushwork under the influence of pointillism and Fauvism.

What is Abstract Expressionism movement?

Abstract expressionism is a post–World War II art movement in American painting, developed in New York City in the 1940s. It was the first specifically American movement to achieve international influence and put New York at the center of the Western art world, a role formerly filled by Paris.

What are the 2 types of abstract expressionism?

There were two types of Abstract Expressionists: Action Painting as exemplified by Jackson Pollock, and Colorfield Painting represented by Mark Rothko.

What is the difference between abstraction and abstract expressionism?

The key difference between the two is that abstract expressionism does not necessarily or deliberately abandon all elements which are sourced from external visual reality, but it does use abstraction to evoke an emotional response.

Is Kandinsky abstract?

Wassily Kandinsky (1866-1944) was a Russian artist considered to be one of the pioneers of abstract art. He also worked as a theorist, publishing throughout his lifetime several books on art and color theory. Now we remember him as one of the greatest avant-garde artists of all time.

Why did Mondrian create abstract art?

Mondrian and Colour, Turner Contemporary, May 24 – September 21, 2014. What motivated Mondrian towards abstract art was something much more mystical than that of Picasso and Braque; in his words, he aimed “to articulate a mystic conception of cosmic harmony that lay behind the surfaces of reality.”

What is geometric abstraction?

Geometric abstraction is a form of abstract art based on the use of geometric forms sometimes, though not always, placed in non-illusionistic space and combined into non-objective (non-representational) compositions. Although the genre was popularized by avant-garde artists in the early twentieth century,…

When did Mondrian change his subject matter?

As of 1916, Mondrian began doing away with subject matter entirely in favor of what he increasingly felt was the irreducible structure of the world: a grid of perfectly parallel and perpendicular lines, comprised of his crosses, now connected.

Why did Mondrian use two lines?

Pictorially for Mondrian, this took the form of the two lines that create a right angle, which he thought expressed, in a perfect harmony, the relationship between two extremes. Moreover, Mondrian believed that the use of complementary colors and sizes reinforced this balance.