What was one of the main reasons the British settled in Australia?

They were attracted by the easily available land (which led to conflict with the aborigines). They could make a living raising sheep or by catching seals and whales. In 1826 settlers began colonising Western Australia. The colony of South Australia was set up in 1834.

What were two reason why the British government established colonies in Australia?

The British government’s fear that other imperial powers such as France, Holland and Spain might expand their territories and claim the great southern continent or part of it for their territories also motivated their desire to establish the colony of New South Wales.

What major political reform was first introduced by Australia?

A reform with profound implications for the conduct of day-to-day political campaigning, but with a partisan impact difficult to measure, was the introduction of compulsory voting in 1924.

What were the reasons for the establishment of British colonies in Australia after 1800?

The decision to establish a colony in Australia was made by Thomas Townshend, 1st Viscount Sydney. This was taken for two reasons: the ending of transportation of criminals to North America following the American Revolution, as well as the need for a base in the Pacific to counter French expansion.

Why were the British colonies founded?

Why were the colonies established? Queen Elizabeth wanted to establish colonies in the Americas in order to grow the British Empire and to counter the Spanish. The English hoped to find wealth, create new jobs, and establish trade ports along the coast of the Americas.

What factors influenced Australian settlement patterns?

The underlying geography and the location of natural resources had an obvious impact on settlement patterns. Most often this impact had already played out in earlier times and was evident in the settlement patterns of 1911. The climate, soils and distance were key factors in the early development of Australia.

What is the political culture of Australia?

Australia has maintained a stable liberal democratic political system under its Constitution, one of the world’s oldest, since Federation in 1901. Australia is the world’s sixth oldest continuous democracy and largely operates as a two-party system in which voting is compulsory.

What is the political system of Australia?

Parliamentary system
Representative democracyConstitutional monarchyFederal monarchy

Why did the British come to the New World?

Freedom of faith was a big motivation for the English. In 1620, a group of settlers left England to seek the New World. Many were separatists, who believed the Church of England was dishonorable. By seeking out the New World, they were trying to break away and worship their own faith.

Why did the colonists want freedom?

The colonists fought the British because they wanted to be free from Britain. They fought the British because of unfair taxes. They fought because they didn’t have self-government. When the American colonies formed, they were part of Britain.

What influences urban settlement?

The Influence of Topography on Urban Concentrations In addition to climate, population distribution and concentration is often defined by the shape of the land. The images above demonstrate how topography can influence the location of urban regions. Generally speaking, urban regions require flat or gentle sloping land.

What were the reasons for settlement in Port Macquarie?

In 1821, Port Macquarie was founded as a penal settlement, replacing Newcastle as the destination for convicts who had committed secondary crimes in New South Wales.

Why did people settle on the mainland of Australia?

Australia’s mainland was thus settled because of its proximity to Norfolk Island, the island itself too small to be expected to produce enough grain and meat to feed a large population, its anchorage too cramped to produce a large supply of flax, and its coast too rocky and lacking a safe harbour.

Why did the Brits decide to colonise Australia?

The British decided to colonise Australia for several reasons: 1. To expand the British empire, and prevent the French from gaining a foothold in the Australian continent or in the southwest Pacific. 2.

When did the British settlement begin in Australia?

British settlement begins in Australia On January 26, 1788, Captain Arthur Phillip guides a fleet of 11 British ships carrying convicts to the colony of New South Wales, effectively founding…

Why was the British prison in Australia set up?

The usual explanation is that with the American colonies revolting in 1776, Britain had been deprived of its outlet for the criminals that were overfilling its goals, and so Australia was chosen as the new location for its overseas prison. However, this explanation may be overly simplistic.