Is Portland cement a MTA?
In 2001, MTA-Angelus (Angelus, Londrina, PR, Brazil) was introduced into the Brazilian market. This material is composed of 80% of Portland cement and 20% of bismuth oxide.
What is MTA cement?
The mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) is a dental material with biocompatibility properties to oral and dental tissues. MTA was developed for dental root repair in endodontic treatment and it is formulated from commercial Portland cement, combined with bismuth oxide powder for radiopacity.
What is Portland cement in endodontics?
Portland cement (PC) is used in challenging endodontic situations in which preserving the health and functionality of pulp tissue is of considerable importance. PC forms the main component of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and demonstrates similar desirable properties as an orthograde or retrograde filling material.
What is MTA made of?
Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) is composed of Portland cement, with 4:1 addition of bismuth oxide added so that the material can be detected on a radiograph. The cement is made up of calcium, silicon and aluminium. The main constituent phases are tricalcium and dicalcium silicate and tricalcium aluminate.
What is MTA mixed with?
The MTA powder is mixed with sterile water, and the mixture is placed in contact with the exposure using a Dovgan carrier (Figure 2). Compress the mixture against the exposure site with a moist cotton pellet. Place a moist cotton pellet over the MTA and fill the rest of the cavity with a temporary filling material.
What are the advantages of MTA?
MTA has the advantage of being less soluble than calcium hydroxide and offers an enhanced seal due to its setting expansion which hermetically seals the pulp space, preventing bacterial contamination from the outside.
What is composition of Portland cement?
Portland cement is made up of four main compounds: tricalcium silicate (3CaO · SiO2), dicalcium silicate (2CaO · SiO2), tricalcium aluminate (3CaO · Al2O3), and a tetra-calcium aluminoferrite (4CaO · Al2O3Fe2O3).
What does gutta percha do?
Gutta-percha is a material used to fill a tooth after a root canal procedure. Gutta-percha, a plastic substance from a Malaysian tree called a percha tree, is used as a permanent filling in root canals.
What is the difference between MTA and calcium hydroxide?
MTA is more effective and superior comparing the Calcium Hydroxide as a direct pulp capping material, showed higher success rate with favorable outcomes in maintaining long term tooth vitality and easier to use in pulp capping. MTA is less toxic, less pulpal inflammation capping compared to Calcium Hydroxide.
Can MTA be used for pulp capping?
MTA is a new and biocompatible biomaterial used for dental practice. It has been proved to be an excellent material for repairing of root perforations, apexification, root-end filling, repairing of root resorption and pulp capping.