What are 5 nutritional requirements for horses?

When feeding horses, it is important to recognize that there are six basic nutrient categories that must be met: carbohydrate, protein, fat, vitamins, minerals and water. Often, feed companies will balance the first five nutrients for us; however, it is critical not to forget about water.

How much mineral does a horse need?

You want your horse to eat about 1.5 to 2 ounces daily. If your horse doesn’t eat enough supplement, try moving the mineral mix holder or using additives to encourage intake. This approach to providing minerals is the least dependable.

What is the daily requirement of nutrients for a mature horse?

For maintenance of body weight and to support normal daily activity, the digestible energy (DE) requirement of the nonworking adult horse in good body condition is estimated to be on average 0.03 Mcal/kg bodyweight (see related tables), with a minimum requirement of 0.03 Mcal/kg for easy keepers (ie, draft, warmblood.

How much loose minerals do horses need?

Utilize the following rates:

Horse Average Consumption*
Mature Pony 2 oz.
Mature Show and Pleasure Horse 2 oz.
Broodmare and Stallion 3 oz.
Moderate to Hard-Working Horse** 3 oz.

What mineral block is best for horses?

Regular (white) salt or rock salt is best for horses. Many people use a mineral block; however, the amount of block consumed is so variable between horses that it is not a good idea to provide minerals other than sodium chloride (salt) in a block.

Should I feed my horse minerals?

To make sure the horse gets enough minerals and possibly to supplement protein or vitamins, a good hard feed or supplement should be found.

How much copper and zinc do horses need?

The recommended requirements for a 500 kg, mature horse at maintenance consuming 2% of their body weight in dry matter is 100-120 mg of copper per day, and 400-500 mg of zinc per day.

How much calcium does a mature horse need?

approximately 20 grams
A mature, 500 kg horse that is not working, pregnant or lactating requires approximately 20 grams of calcium. The requirements for calcium increase for exercising horses, pregnant mares and lactating mares. The highest daily calcium requirement is for lactating mares immediately after birth of their foal.

What are nutrient requirements?

Nutrient requirements define the specific nutrients and amounts that must be included in complete and balanced diets for healthy animals. Recommendations for the nutrient requirements of cats and dogs were first published in the 1970’s, and these have been updated and added to over recent years.

Do horses need loose minerals?

Horses get sodium chloride in hay and pasture grass, salt licks, and supplemented in their feed or added to water. Hay and silage typically don’t provide a sufficient amount for most animals, so mineral supplements are needed.

Can a horse eat too much mineral block?

In certain instances, a horse may consume too much trace-mineralized block, which might lead to overconsumption of some minerals. Horses rarely consume too much salt. However, salt toxicosis may occur when water is limited or unavailable.