What are Teleconnections in meteorology?

The term “teleconnection pattern” refers to a recurring and persistent, large-scale pattern of pressure and circulation anomalies that spans vast geographical areas. Teleconnection patterns are also referred to as preferred modes of low-frequency (or long time scale) variability.

What are El Nino Teleconnections?

Global Precipitation Impacts During El Niño and La Niña The effects of ENSO are often called teleconnections, emphasizing that changing conditions in one part of the world can affect areas far from the source.

What effect does the North Atlantic Oscillation have on Europe’s climate?

Weak North Atlantic Oscillation index leads to dry, cold UK winter with wetter Med and weak Trades. Both the phases of the oscillation affect the whole of the North Atlantic and into the Mediterranean as well as into central Europe. In the extremes it will affect the weather into the Middle East and Russia.

What is a positive Arctic Oscillation?

The AO’s positive phase is characterized by lower-than-average air pressure over the Arctic paired with higher-than-average pressure over the northern Pacific and Atlantic Oceans. The jet stream is farther north than average under these conditions, and storms can be shifted northward of their usual paths.

What are teleconnections quizlet?

Terms in this set (32) Teleconnections. Climate anomalies that occur at the same time but come from sources a long distance away.

How often is the North Atlantic Oscillation?

Conditions associated with the two phases of the NAO directly affect human demand for energy, quality of crop yields, and productivity of fisheries. Unlike like the El Niño-Southern Oscillation, the North Atlantic Oscillation is not currently predictable more than a week or two in advance.

How much cooler would Northwest Europe be without the North Atlantic Current?

Without the warm North Atlantic Drift, the UK and other places in Europe would be as cold as Canada, at the same latitude. For example, without this steady stream of warmth the British Isles winters are estimated to be more than 5 °C cooler, bringing the average December temperature in London to about 2°C.

How often does Arctic Oscillation occur?

Around every two years, the SPV temporarily collapses in a process known as sudden stratospheric warming. The AO often shifts more negative for anywhere between a few weeks to a few months when this happens.

What is a negative Arctic Oscillation?

The harsh winter weather was attributed to a negative Arctic Oscillation, which is a climate pattern that influences weather in the Northern Hemisphere. A very persistent, strong ridge of high pressure, or ‘blocking system’, near Greenland allowed cold Arctic air to slide south into Europe.

What is a teleconnection and why is ENSO considered to be this type of phenomenon?

El Niño events are defined by their wide-ranging teleconnections. Teleconnections are large-scale, long-lasting climate anomalies or patterns that are related to each other and can affect much of the globe. During an El Niño event, westward-blowing trade winds weaken along the Equator.