What are the types of surfactants?

Types of Surfactants

  • Anionic Surfactants. Anionic surfactants have a negative charge on their hydrophilic end.
  • Nonionic Surfactants. Nonionic surfactants are neutral, they do not have any charge on their hydrophilic end.
  • Cationic Surfactants.
  • Amphoteric Surfactants.

What is the surfactant?

surfactant, also called surface-active agent, substance such as a detergent that, when added to a liquid, reduces its surface tension, thereby increasing its spreading and wetting properties. In the dyeing of textiles, surfactants help the dye penetrate the fabric evenly.

What is an example of a nonionic surfactant?

Examples of some common nonionic surfactants include ethoxylates, alkoxylates, and cocamides. If anionic surfactants are the most popular, Nonionic surfactants are a close second, widely used in a range of cleaning, personal care, and disinfectant products as well as industrial processes.

What are anionic surfactants used for?

Anionic surfactants are primarily sulfonated or phosphorylated straight-chain hydrocarbons. These compounds are used commonly in laundry detergents, electric dishwashing detergents, and in some shampoos.

What is a natural surfactant?

Natural surfactants or biosurfactants are amphiphilic biological compounds, usually extracellular, produced by a variety of microorganisms from various substances including waste materials.

Is alcohol ethoxylate nonionic surfactant?

Alcohol ethoxylates (AE) are nonionic surfactants composed of a hydrophobic alkyl chain (fatty alcohol) which is combined with a number of ethoxylate, or ethylene oxide, units via an ether linkage.

Are anionic surfactants safe?

Ingestion of anionic and nonionic surfactants most commonly result in mild and self-limiting gastrointestinal upset. They can cause irritation to the skin and eye; rarely aspiration or caustic injury to the gastrointestinal tract may occur.

Is surfactant a medication?

Pulmonary surfactant is used as a medication to treat and prevent respiratory distress syndrome in newborn babies. Beractant, surrounded by devices for its application. Prevention is generally done in babies born at a gestational age of less than 32 weeks.