What caused the Spanish revolution of 1820?
The Spain revolution started when King Ferdinand VII followed reactionary policy. The reactionary policy was meant to restore a past status quo. Additionally, King Ferdinand VII’s firm determination in restoring Spanish rule over against rebellious American colonies proved costly in lives and money and seemed hopeless.
What precipitated a political crisis in Spanish America in 1808?
The abdication of Carlos IV and Ferdinand VII caused a crisis in sovereignty in the Spanish Empire.
What did the Cadiz Constitution do?
Amid the French invasion of Spain and the civil wars in Spanish America, the Cortes proclaimed the Cádiz Constitution in 1812, transforming the absolutist government into a constitutional one while preserving the institution of the monarchy.
Why did the monarchy fall in 1808?
The events led to what is known as the Mutiny of Aranjuez, an 1808 uprising against Charles IV. The mutineers made Charles dismiss Godoy and the court forced the King to abdicate in favor of his son and rival, who became Ferdinand VII.
What happen in 1820?
Events. February 6 – 86 free African American colonists sail from New York City to Freetown, Sierra Leone. March 3 & 6 – Slavery in the United States: The Missouri Compromise becomes law. March 15 – Maine is admitted as the 23rd U.S. state (see History of Maine).
What happened in Europe in the 1820s?
The Revolutions of 1820 were a revolutionary wave in Europe that took place in Spain, Portugal, Italy and Greece. While the revolutions in Spain, Portugal and Italy were for establishing constitutional monarchies, in Greece the revolution was to gain independence from the Ottoman Empire.
How did Mexico gain independence in 1821?
On August 24, 1821, Spanish Viceroy Juan de O’Donojú signed the Treaty of Córdoba, which approves a plan to make Mexico an independent constitutional monarchy. In 1822, as no Bourbon monarch to rule Mexico had been found, Iturbide was proclaimed the emperor of Mexico.
Who refused to believe that the Cádiz Constitution was abolished by King Ferdinand?
rejection by Ferdinand VII 1812 independent Spaniards adopted the Constitution of Cádiz, but in December 1813 Napoleon released Ferdinand expressly to overthrow it. When Ferdinand returned to Spain in 1814 he was urged by reactionaries to abolish the Cortes of Cádiz and all its works, which he did almost immediately.
How do you describe the Cádiz Constitution?
The constitution proclaimed individual freedom and the inviolability of domicile (arts. 286 and 307) but declared Catholicism the official religion of Spain and prohibited the practice of any other religion (art.
What grave mistake did Napoleon make in 1812?
The Invasion of Russia Napoleon’s most disastrous mistake of all came in 1812. Even though Alexander I had become Napoleon’s ally, the Russian czar refused to stop selling grain to Britain. In addition, the French and Russian rulers suspected each other of having competing designs on Poland.
What did Napoleon do 1807?
After occupying Lisbon in November 1807, and with the bulk of French troops present in Spain, Napoleon seized the opportunity to turn against his former ally, depose the reigning Spanish royal family and declare his brother King of Spain in 1808 as José I.
¿Dónde se concentraron las revoluciones de 1820?
Pero las Revoluciones de 1820 se concentraron en el sur de Europa. En concreto, España fue el epicentro de unas revueltas que se extenderían Italia, Portugal y Grecia. También llegarían al norte, a Prusia o a Francia, pero con mucha menor intensidad.
¿Cuál fue el epicentro de la Revolución de 1820?
El epicentro de la Revolución de 1820: España. Itinerario seguido por las tropas de Rafael Riego en 1820, y focos revolucionarios en otras ciudades de España. Fernando VII, el Deseado, que había pasado la Guerra de Independencia retenido en Francia, a su vuelta a España rechazó jurar la Constitución de 1812 (la llamada de Cádiz o la Pepa)
¿Cuáles fueron las consecuencias de las revueltas de 1820?
Por otro lado, las revueltas de 1820 supusieron el final del dominio del Imperio Otomano sobre Grecia, ya que consiguieron la independencia y el apoyo de las potencias europeas, en especial, el del Reino Unido. Y por último, el turbio panorama político español fue aprovechado por algunas colonias para independizarse de la corona ibérica.