What does the prefix hypo mean in chemistry?
hypo- hyp- A prefix that means “beneath“ or “below,” as in hypodermic, below the skin. It also means “less than normal,” especially in medical terms like hypoglycemia. In the names of chemical compounds, it means “at the lowest state of oxidation,” as in sodium hypochlorite.
How do you use hypo and per?
Once you know the –ate ions then follow these rules for the per-ate, ite, and hypo- ite. Per –ate ions have ONE more oxygen than the –ate ions. -ite ions have ONE less oxygen than the –ate ions. Hypo –ite ions have ONE less oxygen than the –ite ions, that is, two less oxygen atoms than the -ate ions.
How do you know if it’s ITE or ate?
-ate and -ite are commonly used for polyatomic ions of Oxygen. -ate is used for the ion that has the largest number of Oxygen atoms. The -ite would be used for the ion with the smaller. NO2 and NO3 are known as Nitrite and Nitrate respectively.
What is the hypo solution?
As the name suggested, chemical formula of hypo solution is Na2S2O3. Sodium thiosulfate (sodium thiosulphate) is a chemical and medication. The solid is an efflorescent (loses water readily) crystalline substance that dissolves well in water. It is also called sodium hyposulfite or “hypo”.
Does hypo mean deficient?
Hypo-, is the opposite of hyper-: it means underneath, less than normal, or deficient in some way. For example, the word hypothermia indicates a body temperature that’s far lower than normal.
What is PER in chemistry?
Per: (1) Refers to a molecule containing an oxygen-oxygen single bond. Hydrogen peroxide. Peracetic acid. Isopropyl methyl peroxide. (2) Refers to a molecule in which all hydrogens bonded to carbon have been replaced by an atom of the same element such as fluorine or chlorine.
What is the molecular formula of hypo?
Na2S2O3Sodium thiosulfate / Formula
What does IDE mean in science?
Definition of -ide (Entry 2 of 2) 1 : binary chemical compound —added to the contracted name of the nonmetallic or more electronegative element hydrogen sulfide or group cyanide. 2 : chemical compound derived from or related to another (usually specified) compound anhydride glucoside.