What is an example of divergent selection?
Classic examples of divergence in nature are the adaptive radiation of the finches of the Galapagos or the coloration differences in populations of a species that live in different habitats such as with pocket mice and fence lizards.
What is divergent and convergent evolution explain with example?
Whereas convergent evolution involves unrelated species that develop similar characteristics over time, divergent evolution involves species with a common ancestor that change to become increasingly different over time.
What is divergent evolution biology?
Divergent evolution is the process whereby groups from the same common ancestor evolve and accumulate differences, resulting in the formation of new species. Divergent evolution may occur as a response to changes in abiotic factors, such as a change in environmental conditions, or when a new niche becomes available.
What two animals show divergent evolution?
In divergent evolution, two or more distinct species share a common ancestor from which they diverged. A common example is a modern elephant and woolly mammoth. They share a common ancestor and yet evolved into two different species. Another example is the dog, the wolf, and the fox.
What is divergent evolution explain Taking an example of plants?
Solution : Divergent evolution means that the same structure developed along different directions due to adaptation to different needs. The differently developed structures are homologous . In plants , thorn of Bougainvillea and tendrils or Cucurbita are homologous organs.
Is human evolution divergent?
An example of divergent evolution is the human arm, the whale’s fin, and the bat’s wing. All three limbs perform different purposes, but all contain the same bones in different sizes and shapes because all three animals (human, whale, bat) evolved from a common ancestor whose legs contained those bones.
What are 2 examples of convergent evolution?
Examples of convergent evolution include the relationship between bat and insect wings, shark and dolphin bodies, and vertebrate and cephalopod eyes. Analogous structures arise from convergent evolution, but homologous structures do not.
Are humans and monkeys an example of divergent evolution?
A good example of how divergent evolution occurs is in comparing how a human foot evolved to be very different from a monkey’s foot, despite their common primate ancestry. It is speculated that a new species (humans) developed because there was no longer was a need for swinging from trees.
Are birds and butterflies convergent or divergent?
Bird and butterfly wings are a result of convergent evolution because birds and butterflies evolved from a winged common ancestor. Bird and butterfly wings are analogous structures because they have similar functions, are structurally different, and are a result of convergent evolution.