What is covered by Geneva Convention IV?
Article 4(1) of the Fourth Geneva Convention defines as “protected persons” those persons “who, at a given moment and in any manner whatsoever, find themselves, in case of a conflict or occupation, in the hands of a Party to the conflict or Occupying Power of which they are not nationals”.
What is Article 5 of the Geneva Convention?
Article 5 provides for the suspension of persons’ rights under the Convention for the duration of time that this is “prejudicial to the security of such State”, although “such persons shall nevertheless be treated with humanity and, in case of trial, shall not be deprived of the rights of fair and regular trial …
When was the 4th Geneva Convention?
12 August 1949
Convention (IV) relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War. Geneva, 12 August 1949.
What are the Geneva Convention codes?
It specifically prohibits murder, mutilation, torture, the taking of hostages, unfair trial, and cruel, humiliating and degrading treatment. It requires that the wounded, sick and shipwrecked be collected and cared for.
What weapons are banned by the Geneva Convention?
The use of chemical and biological weapons was outlawed by the Geneva Protocol of 1925. This ban was later strengthened by the adoption of the Biological Weapons Convention (1972) and the Chemical Weapons Convention (1993), which prohibited the devel- opment, production, stockpiling and transfer of such weapons.
What does Geneva Convention Category 4 mean?
Category IV: Majors, lieutenant-colonels, colonels or prisoners of equivalent rank: sixty Swiss francs. Category V: General officers or prisoners of war of equivalent rank: seventy-five Swiss francs.
What are the 3 Geneva Protocols?
The Geneva Conventions of 1949 and their Additional Protocols
- The First Geneva Convention protects wounded and sick soldiers on land during war.
- The Second Geneva Convention protects wounded, sick and shipwrecked military personnel at sea during war.
- The Third Geneva Convention applies to prisoners of war.
Can you use shotguns in war?
Originally designed as hunting weapons, many armies turn to shotguns for a variety of roles, including close combat and obstacle breaching. Although shotguns are too specialized to replace battle and assault rifles in infantry units, their utility will keep them in arsenals worldwide for the foreseeable future.