What is iodine deficiency goiter?

Iodine deficiency is the most common cause of goiter. The body needs iodine to produce thyroid hormone. If you do not have enough iodine in your diet, the thyroid gets larger to try and capture all the iodine it can, so it can make the right amount of thyroid hormone.

What goitre means?

Enlarged thyroid A goiter (GOI-tur) is the irregular growth of the thyroid gland. The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland located at the base of the neck just below the Adam’s apple.

What is iodine deficiency called?

Congenital iodine deficiency syndrome, previously known as cretinism, is a condition associated with iodine deficiency and goiter, commonly characterised by mental deficiency, deafness, squint, disorders of stance and gait and stunted growth due to hypothyroidism.

What is the symptoms of iodine deficiency?

Thus, iodine deficiency can lead to enlargement of the thyroid (goiter – see Goiter brochure), hypothyroidism (see Hypothyroidism brochure) and to intellectual disabilities in infants and children whose mothers were iodine deficient during pregnancy.

What iodine means?

Definition of iodine 1 : a nonmetallic halogen element that is an essential nutrient in the human diet and is used especially in medicine, photography, and analytical chemistry — see Chemical Elements Table. 2 : a tincture of iodine used especially as a topical antiseptic.

What is the iodine for?

Iodine is a mineral found in some foods. The body needs iodine to make thyroid hormones. These hormones control the body’s metabolism and many other important functions. The body also needs thyroid hormones for proper bone and brain development during pregnancy and infancy.

What causes iodine deficiency?

GOITER – Without adequate iodine, the thyroid progressively enlarges (develops a goiter) as it tries to keep up with demand for thyroid hormone production. Worldwide, iodine deficiency is the most common cause of thyroid enlargement and goiter (see goiter brochure).

Which hormone is responsible for goiter?

What is a goiter look like?

Goiter Symptoms. The symptoms of a goiter include swelling at the front base of the neck, ranging from a small lump or multiple nodules to a general enlargement on one or both sides of your neck. You may also have: A hoarse voice.

What Colour is iodine?

Iodine is a nonmetallic, nearly black solid at room temperature and has a glittering crystalline appearance.

How does iodine deficiency cause goitre?

In Iodine deficiency, insufficient T4 is produced to shut off the synthesis of thyroid-stimulating hormone. The constant release of the hormone by the pituitary gland causes the continual growth of the gland, eventually producing a greatly enlarged gland, or goitre.

What is iodine deficiency?

Iodine Deficiency. Iodine is an element that is needed for the production of thyroid hormone. The body does not make iodine, so it is an essential part of your diet.

Is iodine deficiency common in the Great Lakes?

Before the 1920s, iodine deficiency was common in the Great Lakes, Appalachian, and Northwestern U.S. regions and in most of Canada. Treatment of iodine deficiency by the introduction of iodized salt has virtually eliminated iodine deficiency and the so-called “goiter belt” in these areas.

What is the difference between goitre and thyroid?

The thyroid is a gland found below your adam’s apple. When you have Goiter, the thyroid gland is seen as a swelling in the front part of your neck. Simple goitre is a painless condition, but if uncorrected it can lead to pressure on the trachea (windpipe), which may cause difficulty in breathing.