What is Le Fort II fracture?

Definition. The Le Fort II fracture is also referred to as a pyramidal fracture. It commonly extends from the pterygoid plate through the maxilla, through the nasal orbital ethmoid area, and nasofrontal bone. Patients with Le Fort II injuries are often admitted to hospital unconscious and intubated.

How do you fix a Le Fort fracture?

Treatment of a Le Fort fracture usually requires prompt stabilization of the fracture followed by surgery, in order to restore the typical facial orientation, re-establish proper positioning of the teeth, restore involved sinus cavities, and reunify the nose and eye socket.

What is a Lefort III fracture?

A Le Fort III fracture includes fracture of the nasofrontal junction, bilateral fractures through the area of the frontozygomatic suture, and probable fractures of the zygomatic arch. These fractures are also referred to as craniofacial dysjunction.

How do you test for Le Fort fracture?

Mobility of the midface may be tested by grasping the anterior alveolar arch and pulling forward while stabilizing the patient with the other hand. The level of a Le Fort fracture (ie, I, II, III) can often be determined by noting the structures of the midface that move in conjunction with the anterior maxilla.

What causes a Le Fort fracture?

Le Fort fractures are typically the result of forceful impact to the face. They are often caused by rapid deceleration car crashes in which the midface strikes a stationary object, such as the car’s dashboard. It can also occur if the midface is struck by a rigid object, such as a baseball bat.

What is a Le Fort fracture?

Le Fort fracture classification | Radiology Reference Article | Radiopaedia.org Le Fort fractures are fractures of the midface, which collectively involve separation of all or a portion of the midface from the skull base. In order to be separated from the skull base, the pterygoid plates of the sphenoid bone need to be invol…

What are Schatzker and McKeevers fractures?

Schatzker classification (tibial plateau fracture) AO classification of distal femur fractures Meyers and McKeevers classification (anterior cruciate ligament avulsion fracture) tibia/fibula

What is Lefort type 2 pyramidal fracture?

Le Fort type II pyramidal fracture, with the teeth at the pyramid base, and nasofrontal suture at its apex fracture arch passes through the posterior alveolar ridge, lateral walls of maxillary sinuses, inferior orbital rimand nasal bones

What is the classification of lower limb fractures?

lower limb fractures classification by region pelvis Judet and Letournel classification (acetabular fracture) Harris classification (acetebular fracture)