What is the meaning of philosophy of history?
philosophy of history, the study either of the historical process and its development or of the methods used by historians to understand their material.
What are the three methods of dealing with history?
Hegel begins by outlining three major types of historical method: original history, which is written during the historical period in question; reflective history, which is written after the period has passed and which brings reflective thought and interpretation to bear on it; and philosophic history, which uses a …
What is reflective history?
Reflective history is written after the time covered in the history has passed, and therefore it involves a remove at which the historian can analyze and interpret the events he covers. Reflective history is divided into four sub-methods: universal history, pragmatic, critical, and specialized.
Who is the father of history of philosophy?
Socrates of Athens (l. c. 470/469-399 BCE) is among the most famous figures in world history for his contributions to the development of ancient Greek philosophy which provided the foundation for all of Western Philosophy. He is, in fact, known as the “Father of Western Philosophy” for this reason.
Who wrote philosophy of history?
Hegel’s philosophy of history is perhaps the most fully developed philosophical theory of history that attempts to discover meaning or direction in history (1824a, 1824b, 1857). Hegel regards history as an intelligible process moving towards a specific condition—the realization of human freedom.
What is the dialectical process of history?
The notion that history conforms to a “dialectical” pattern, according to which contradictions generated at one level are overcome or transcended at the next, was incorporated—though in a radically new form—in the theory of social change propounded by Karl Marx.
What is the theory of reflection?
The sociological idea of Reflection Theory describes how media is essentially the reflection of the inherent social structures of society; how the films, books, magazines, and commercials we see everyday directly reflect the values, norms, and beliefs of our culture.
What is the definition of spark in chemistry?
Definition of spark. (Entry 1 of 5) 1a : a small particle of a burning substance thrown out by a body in combustion or remaining when combustion is nearly completed. b : a hot glowing particle struck from a larger mass especially : one heated by friction.
What is the meaning of Sparkle?
1 : to give off or cause to give off small bits of burning material or short bright flashes of electricity The burning wood crackled and sparked. The wires made contact and sparked.
What is the rational spirit of history?
The bulk of the Introduction is concerned with the elaboration of three aspects of this guidance of history by rational Spirit. The first concerns the abstract characteristics of Spirit itself: the central principle of Spirit is rational freedom (the only true freedom), which Spirit realizes in the world through the mechanism of human history.