What is the species diversity of the tropical rainforest?
Tropical rainforests are the most biologically diverse terrestrial ecosystems in the world. The Amazon rainforest is the world’s largest tropical rainforest. It is home to around 40,000 plant species, nearly 1,300 bird species, 3,000 types of fish, 427 species of mammals, and 2.5 million different insects.
How many plant species are in the tropical rainforest?
Over 200,000 species of plants thrive in rain forests. This abundance is due to the warm, humid environment and includes some of the most beautiful and interesting flora: orchids. rubber trees.
Why is species diversity so high in tropical rainforests?
Explanation: The high species richness or biodiversity found in tropical rain forests is mainly due to their geographic location and the amount of precipitation they receive. Tropical rainforests fall along the equator and receive a large amount of precipitation.
What are 6 plant species in the rainforest?
10 Amazon Rainforest Plants
- Giant Water Lily, Victoria Amazonica.
- Heliconia, Heliconia latispatha.
- Cacao, Theobroma cacao.
- Passion flower, Passiflora edulis.
- Coffee Plant, Coffea arabica.
- Monkey Brush Vines, Combretum rotundifolium.
- Orchid, Orchidaceae.
How many species of plants are there in the Amazon rainforest?
The Amazon is home to as many as 80,000 plant species from which more than 40,000 species play a critical role in regulating the global climate and sustaining the local water cycle.
What are some common characteristics of tropical rainforest plants?
- Drip tips – plants have leaves with pointy tips.
- Buttress roots – large roots have ridges which create a large surface area that help to support large trees.
- Epiphytes – these are plants which live on the branches of trees high up in the canopy.
How do plants adapt in the tropical rainforest?
Drip tips – plants have leaves with pointy tips. This allows water to run off the leaves quickly without damaging or breaking them. Buttress roots – large roots have ridges which create a large surface area that help to support large trees.
What plants are in the rainforests?
Ferns, lichens, mosses, orchids, and bromeliads are all epiphytes. The tropical rainforest is also home to nepenthes or pitcher plants. These are plants that grow in the soil. They have leaves that form a cup where moisture gathers.
Why is species diversity higher in the tropics?
The higher temperatures in the tropics cause higher rates of metabolism, ecological dynamics and coevolutionary processes, which generate and maintain higher biodiversity.
How have plants adapted to the rainforest?
How many species of plants are there in the Amazon Rainforest?
What causes biodiversity in a tropical rainforest?
plant and animal species may become extinct before they are even discovered.
Does the tropical rainforest have a high or low biodiversity?
Tropical regions are rich in Biodiversity. You will find the largest variety of plant and anima… Rainforests may have relatively high biodiversity somewhat because of climate and somewhat because of extinctions that took place in drier climates. These “quit drinking gummies” are taking the nation by storm.
What are tropical rain forests so rich in biodiversity?
Biodiversity is high because the warm and wet consistent climate in tropical rainforests is able to sustain life in all different forms. Soil nutrient is poor in tropical rain forests because the sunlight that is intended to reach the floor of the tropical forest is blocked by the tall and dense trees.
What is the biodiversity of the tropical rainforest?
Biodiversity and Tropical Rainforests. Biodiversity is the variety of life on Earth, in all its forms and all its interactions. We do not know how many species of plants and animals live in the rainforest, however, we do know it is the most biodiverse ecosystem in the world. For example, rainforests contain 170,000 of the world’s 250,000