Which foreign country bombed the town of Guernica?

On April 26, 1937, during the Spanish Civil War, the Nazis tested their new air force on the Basque town of Guernica in northern Spain. One-third of Guernica’s 5,000 inhabitants were killed or wounded. Pablo Picasso exposed the horror of the bombing in his famous anti-war painting called Guernica.

Who bombed Guernica Spain?

On Monday 26 April 1937, the Basque town of Guernica was bombed by German and Italian air forces at the request of the Spanish Nationalists under the command of General Francisco Franco during the Spanish Civil War.

Why was the bombing of Guernica so important?

The operation opened the way to Franco’s capture of Bilbao and his victory in northern Spain. The attack gained controversy because it involved the bombing of civilians by a military air force.

How did Picasso feel about Guernica?

In 1937, Picasso expressed his outrage against war with Guernica, his enormous mural-sized painting displayed to millions of visitors at the Paris World’s Fair. It has since become the twentieth century’s most powerful indictment against war, a painting that still feels intensely relevant today.

Does Guernica exist?

The picture was finally returned to Spain in 1981. It can be seen at the Reina Sofia Museum in Madrid.

Is Guernica a Cubist painting?

Guernica combines Cubist structures with a monochrome palette which renders the painting more realistic. It is however the Surrealist images that create the shocking representation of suffering and war.

Why did the Spanish decide to bomb Guernica?

Diaries found in the 1970s state that the main reason for the bombing was to advance Nationalist troops in the area, and to support the troops that Generalissimo Fransisco Franco had in place in the region. The plan to bomb Guernica was put into play in the latter part of March 1937.

What happened on the 70th anniversary of the Guernica bombing?

On the 70th anniversary of the bombing, the president of the Basque Parliament met with politicians, Nobel Peace Prize winner Adolfo Pérez Esquivel, and deputies from Hiroshima, Volgograd, Pforzheim, Dresden, Warsaw, and Oswiecim, as well as several survivors from Guernica itself.

Why did the Condor Legion attack Guernica?

To back Nationalist efforts, the Condor Legion began planning a strike on a key bridge and railroad station in the Basque town of Guernica. The destruction of both would prevent the arrival of Republican reinforcements and make difficult any retreat by their forces.

Why did the Basques fight in the Battle of Guernica?

The Basque Government, an autonomous regional administrative body formed by Basque nationalists, sought to defend Biscay and parts of Guipuzcoa with its own light Basque Army. At the time of the raid, Guernica represented a focal strategic point for the Republican forces.