Which nerve passes behind the medial epicondyle?

the ulnar nerve
Typically, injury to the ulnar nerve happens as it runs behind the medial epicondyle of the humerus, and can occur with a fracture at that site. Injury to the ulnar nerve will present with numbness and paresthesia in the little finger, the medial half of the ring finger, and the medial side of the palm.

Where is the ulnar nerve in relation to the medial epicondyle?

The ulnar nerve then passes between the medial epicondyle and olecranon in the groove for ulnar nerve to enter the anterior compartment of the forearm. Posterior to the medial epicondyle, the ulnar nerve is subcutaneous and easily palpable. It is commonly referred to as the “funny bone” in this region.

Where does the ulnar nerve innervate?

The ulnar nerve innervates the flexor muscles of the forearm including the flexor carpi ulnaris and flexor digitorum profundus. It also innervates the intrinsic muscles of the hand including the palmaris brevis, lumbricals, hypothenar and interossei muscles.

Where does the ulnar nerve start and end?

People have a left and right ulnar nerve — one to serve each arm. The ulnar nerve starts at the brachial plexus in the armpit and: Connects to the C8 cervical vertebra and the T1 thoracic vertebra (the middle of the brachial plexus). Runs down the front of the upper arm near the axillary and brachial arteries.

What is tardy ulnar nerve palsy?

Tardy ulnar nerve palsy is a chronic clinical condition characterized by a delayed onset ulnar neuropathy after an injury to the elbow. Typically, tardy ulnar nerve palsy occurs as a consequence of nonunion of pediatric lateral condyle fractures at the elbow, which eventually lead to a cubitus valgus deformity.

What happens when ulnar nerve is damaged?

Ulnar nerve entrapment can cause pain, numbness and tingling in the forearm and the fourth and fifth fingers. In severe cases, ulnar nerve entrapment can cause weakness in the hand and loss of muscle mass.

Where does the ulnar nerve pass through the elbow?

cubital tunnel
The ulnar nerve is the terminal branch of the medial cord of the brachial plexus and contains fibers from the C8 and T1 spinal nerve roots; it descends along the arm, reaches the elbow region where it becomes superficial behind the medial epicondyle, then passes through the cubital tunnel.

Where can the ulnar nerve be entrapped?

Ulnar nerve entrapment is the second most common nerve entrapment after carpal tunnel syndrome. Ulnar nerve entrapment happens most often at or near the elbow, particularly on the inner part of the elbow. Ulnar nerve entrapment can also happen less frequently at or near the wrist.

How do you know if your ulnar nerve is damaged?

Symptoms of ulnar nerve entrapment and damage include: Curving pinky and ring fingers (like a claw). Elbow pain (cubital tunnel syndrome) or wrist pain (Guyon’s canal syndrome). Numbness and tingling in your pinky and ring fingers.

What causes gunstock deformity?

Cubitus varus or bow elbow or gunstock deformity is the result of malunion occurring as a complication of supracondylar fracture of the humerus. It occurs in only the extension type of supracondylar fracture of the humerus, causing a reduction or loss of the carrying angle.

How do you test for ulnar nerve damage?

Ultrasound. Your doctor may use an ultrasound to evaluate the ulnar nerve and the soft tissue of the cubital tunnel, which allows the ulnar nerve to travel behind the elbow. During an ultrasound scan, high-frequency sound waves bounce off parts of the body and capture the returning “echoes” as images.

What is the best medicine for ulnar nerve pain?

Medications for nerve pain Antidepressants. Anticonvulsants. MEDICATIONS. Tricyclics: •

How do you release a trapped ulnar nerve?

How do you release a trapped ulnar nerve? Typically, an incision is made behind the elbow joint. The ulnar nerve is identified, and the course of the nerve is traced. Any soft tissue or bone that is compressing and irritating the nerve is released. Finally, the nerve is left in the groove.

Why is ulnar nerve called musician nerve?

Ulnar nerve is also known as “musician’s nerve” as it controls the fine movements of the fingers. How do I know if I have ulnar nerve entrapment? Numbness and tingling in the ring finger and little finger are common symptoms of ulnar nerve entrapment. Often, these symptoms come and go.

What does ulnar nerve mean?

The ulnar nerve is a terminal branch of the medial cord of the brachial plexus. It contains mainly fibers from the anterior rami of spinal nerves C8 and T1 , but may sometimes carry C7 fibers as well. From its origin, the ulnar nerve courses distally through the axilla , arm  and forearm  into the hand .