Who invented the Hotchkiss gun?
Benjamin B. Hotchkiss
Hotchkiss machine gun, originally a big-bore, hand-cranked, rapid-fire weapon developed in 1878 by Benjamin B. Hotchkiss (1826–85), a U.S. ordnance engineer with a factory in Paris. It was first used by the French army in 1896.
How does a Gatling gun work?
The Gatling gun is operated by a hand-crank mechanism, with six barrels revolving around a central shaft (although some models had as many as ten). Each barrel fires once per revolution at about the same position.
What was the first belt fed machine gun?
Bailey machine gun
The Bailey Machine Gun was a rapid-fire weapon developed in the late 19th century. It was a multiple barrel weapon similar to the much more commonly known Gatling gun, and was the first weapon of this type to be belt-fed.
How do rotary cannons work?
Each barrel fires a single cartridge when it reaches a certain position in the rotation, after which the spent casing is ejected at a different position and then a new round loaded at another position. During the cycle, the barrel has more time to dissipate some heat away to the surrounding air.
What is a Hotchkiss gun?
The Hotchkiss gun can refer to different products of the Hotchkiss arms company starting in the late 19th century. It usually refers to the 1.65-inch (42 mm) light mountain gun; there were also a navy (47 mm) and a 3-inch (76 mm) Hotchkiss guns.
How many barrels does a Hotchkiss cannon have?
The 1-pounder revolving Hotchkiss cannon had five 37 mm barrels, and was capable of firing 68 rounds per minute with an accuracy range of 2,000 yards (1,800 m).
How many rounds does a Hotchkiss revolver fire per minute?
These could be fired from a Hotchkiss revolving cannon at a rate of up to 60 rounds per minute, and would provide devastating hail of lead at short range against anyone exposed on an opposing ship. The 37 mm case shot round was a thin drawn brass case filled with 28 hardened lead balls of 19 grams each.
What are the parts of a Hotchkiss base fuze?
The Hotchkiss Base Fuze consists of three main parts, the body, the plunger and the detonating cap. The body is made of gun-metal. The plunger is composed of a block of lead cast into a cylindrical brass base, and holds a rough wire firing pin, roughened so as to grip the surrounding lead.