What cause the AZF explosion?

The explosion was heard 80 km (50 miles) away….Toulouse chemical factory explosion.

AZF from city center, 4 or 5 km (through tourist public telescope)
Date 21 September 2001
Type Explosion (~20–30 tons of TNT)
Cause Sodium dichloroisocyanurate and ammonium nitrate mishandling and reaction
Deaths 31

What was the material that exploded in AZF?

ammonium nitrate residue
Between 20 and 120 tons of ammonium nitrate residue (equivalent to 20 to 40 tons of TNT) detonated on September 21, 2001 in the AZote Fertilisant (AZF) fertilizer plant in Toulouse, causing devastating effects at the site and far beyond.

How many people died in the AZF fertilizer factory incident?

During the morning of September 21, 2001, a warehouse containing ca. 300 metric tons of production rejects of ammonium nitrate granulates exploded in the AZF/Grande Paroisse plant of Toulouse (France), causing 31 deaths, hundreds of casualties, and enormous damages.

What is Toulouse most known for?

Toulouse is a large modern, city. While Toulouse is known for art, history and culture. Today it is the fourth largest city in France, partly because of the aerospace industry. It’s also the largest centre for aerospace in all of Europe as the home of the European Airbus headquarters and the French space agency.

What was the material being produced at T2 Laboratories?

methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl
Accident Description On December 19, 2007, four people were killed and 13 others were transported to the hospital when an explosion occured at T2 Laboratories Inc. during the production of a gasoline additive called methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl.

Which type of material might explosively decompose if concentrated?

Dry picric acid is highly explosive especially when it is combined with metals such as copper, lead, zinc, and iron. It will also react with alkaline materials including plaster and concrete to form explosive materials. This material is shock sensitive and corrosive to metal containers.

What does Toulouse mean in English?

• TOULOUSE (noun) Meaning: A city on the Garonne River in southern France to the southeast of Bordeaux; a cultural center of medieval Europe.

What does the name Toulouse mean?

Meaning of Toulouse: Name Toulouse in the French origin, means One who belongs to the city Tolosa. Name Toulouse is of French origin and is a Unisex name. People with name Toulouse are usually Christianity by religion.

Does T2 Laboratories still exist?

At the time of his death, Gallagher was Marketing Director for T2 Labs. Fourteen people were hospitalized for chemical exposure or their injuries after the blast. The company laid off its workers and shut down in the following months.

What causes runaway reaction?

An exothermic reaction can lead to thermal runaway, which begins when the heat produced by the reaction exceeds the heat removed. The surplus heat raises the temperature of the reaction mass, which causes the rate of reaction to increase. This in turn accelerates the rate of heat production.