What does it mean to cede IRB review?

Cede review – the act of transferring IRB review and oversight. Reviewing IRB – the IRB of record performing review on behalf of one or more institutions, also referred to as the single IRB and/or central IRB. Relying Institution – the entity that agrees to rely upon the reviewing IRB.

What does ceded review mean?

Ceding review is the act of transferring IRB review and oversight from the local IRB (USC IRB) to an external IRB. The external IRB becomes the reviewing IRB or IRB of record who will review on behalf of one or more institutions. The reviewing IRB may also be referred to as the single IRB (sIRB) and/or central IRB.

What are the 3 types of IRB review?

IRB must review all projects that meet the definition of research and that involve human subjects prior to any data collection to determine the appropriate level of review, and, as appropriate, approve them. There are three major types of review: Exempt, Expedited, and Full.

What is IRB Continuing Review and when should it occur?

What is Continuing Review? If you want to continue working on a study beyond its expiration date, you must submit the study to the IRB for continuing review approval. The IRB re-reviews the study to determine if it is appropriate for the study to continue, as is or with modifications.

What is a cede request?

Request Single IRB Review (Single IRB Review) The term cede review refers to a reliance in which two or more institutions agree one institution will be designated as the Reviewing Institution/IRB for the study while the other institution(s) serve as the Relying Institution/IRB.

What are master IRB agreements?

So, what is the Master Agreement? The Master Agreement is a standing document between the Harvard IRBs that acts like a permanent reliance agreement: it outlines the conditions for reliance, the responsibilities for each researcher, as well as the general terms and conditions of the reliance.

What type of research is exempt from IRB review?

“Exempt” human subjects research is a sub-set of research involving human subjects that does not require comprehensive IRB review and approval because the only research activity involving the human subjects falls into one or more specific exemption categories as defined by the Common Rule.

What type of IRB review requires a determination?

Exempt Research Although the category is called “exempt,” this type of research does require IRB review and the determination of exemption must be made by the IRB. The exempt determination process is much less rigorous than an expedited or full-committee review.

Who can overturn IRB approval?

No institutional official may overrule IRB disapproval, but institutions may choose not to support or permit research that the IRB has approved.

What is an expedited review for IRB?

Expedited review is a procedure through which certain kinds of research may be reviewed and approved without convening a meeting of the IRB. The IRB regulations permit, but do not require, an IRB to review certain categories of research through an expedited procedure if the research involves no more than minimal risk.

What is a smart IRB?

SMART IRB is a platform designed to ease common challenges associated with initiating multisite research and to provide a roadmap for institutions to implement the NIH Single IRB Review policy (effective date: January 25, 2018).

What is the IRB Authorization Agreement primary purpose?

An IRB Authorization Agreement (IAA) is a special agreement between two institutions who are engaged in human subjects research to establish the Single IRB reviewing. An IAA allows an institution with a Federalwide Assurance (FWA) to extend the applicability of its FWA to cover another institution.