What is a Archivolt in architecture?
archivolt, molding running around the face of an arch immediately above the opening. The architectural term is applied especially to medieval and Renaissance buildings, where the archivolts are often decorated with sculpture, as in the archivolts on the west facade of Chartres cathedral (1140–50).
What is a wall with arches called?
Arcade. a series of arches, often supporting a wall, with their columns or piers. A blind arcade is an arcade set against a wall without openings in the arches. Arch. usually curved architectural member spanning an opening and serving as support.
What is a Voussoir in architecture?
voussoir : One of the wedge-shaped stones used in constructing an arch. See also: arch,archivolt.
What do arches symbolize in art?
The arch can be construed as the vault of the SKY. Various cultures link the arch to victory; Rome and France (L’arc de Triomphe) being two of the most prominent. Passing through an arch is the symbolic act of rebirth, of leaving the old behind and entering the new.
What is the purpose of voussoir?
A voussoir (/vuˈswɑːr/) is a wedge-shaped element, typically a stone, which is used in building an arch or vault.
Is a keystone a voussoir?
Both the keystone and the springer are considered voussoirs, though the various bricks that make up an archway can also fall under this category. Arches that are built using the voussoir system are often long-lasting. Each stone within this type of structure helps to distribute the overall weight of an arch evenly.
What is lancet arch?
The lancet arch is a variety of pointed arch in which each of the arcs, or curves, of the arch have a radius longer than the width of the arch. It takes its name from being shaped like the tip of a lance. The lancet window is one of the typical features of the Early English (13th century) period in Gothic architecture.
What is the significance of Archway?
Why do Gothic cathedrals have pointed arches?
Pointed arches were used to direct weight onto load-bearing columns at a sharp angle, thus allowing for much taller vaulted ceilings. Unlike earlier Romanesque style churches, Gothic churches emphasized height and verticality.