What is Article 3 of Geneva Convention?
Article 3 offers an international minimum protection to persons taking no active part in hostilities, including members of armed forces in certain situations specifically stated in the article. Humane and non-discriminatory treatment are two important protections offered under this provision.
What is banned under the Geneva Convention?
The 1925 Geneva Protocol prohibits the use of chemical and biological weapons in war. The Protocol was drawn up and signed at a conference which was held in Geneva under the auspices of the League of Nations from 4 May to 17 June 1925, and it entered into force on 8 February 1928.
Who isn’t protected under the Geneva Convention?
Article 4: Definition of protected persons It explicitly excludes “Nationals of a State which is not bound by the Convention” and the citizens of a neutral state or an allied state if that state has normal diplomatic relations “within the State in whose hands they are”.
What is Article 7 Geneva Convention?
Common Article 7 embodies the presumption that in most cases the statuses, rights and mechanisms established by the Conventions, properly applied, afford the best protection for protected persons in situations of armed conflict.
What is the rule of proportionality?
The principle of proportionality prohibits attacks against military objectives which are “expected to cause incidental loss of civilian life, injury to civilians, damage to civilian objects, or a combination thereof, which would be excessive in relation to the concrete and direct military advantage anticipated”.
Which of the five principles of law demands a certain amount of fairness?
Honor is a principle that demands a certain amount of fairness and mutual respect between adversaries.
What is the meaning of Geneva Convention?
The singular term Geneva Convention usually denotes the agreements of 1949, negotiated in the aftermath of the Second World War (1939–45), which updated the terms of the two 1929 treaties, and added two new conventions.
Do the Geneva Conventions apply to all cases of international conflict?
The details of applicability are spelled out in Common Articles 2 and 3. Common Article 2 relating to international armed conflicts. This article states that the Geneva Conventions apply to all cases of international conflict, where at least one of the warring nations have ratified the Conventions. Primarily:
When were the Geneva Conventions of 1949 published?
The Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949. Commentary (The Commentaries) is a series of four volumes of books published between 1952 and 1958 and containing commentaries to each of the four Geneva Conventions. The series was edited by Jean Pictet who was the vice-president of the International Committee of the Red Cross.
What is Article 1 of the Geneva Convention on civil rights?
GENEVA CONVENTION RELATIVE TO THE PROTECTION OF CIVILIAN PERSONS IN TIME OF WAR OF 12 AUGUST 1949 PART I GENERAL PROVISIONS Article 1. — The High Contracting Parties undertake to respect and to ensure respect for the present Convention in all circumstances. ART.2.