What is Bartolome de las Casas known for?

Bartolomé de Las Casas, (born 1474 or 1484, Sevilla?, Spain—died July 1566, Madrid), early Spanish historian and Dominican missionary who was the first to expose the oppression of indigenous peoples by Europeans in the Americas and to call for the abolition of slavery there.

What is the significance of the Florentine Codex?

It documents the culture, religious cosmology (worldview) and ritual practices, society, economics, and natural history of the Aztec people. It has been described as “one of the most remarkable accounts of a non-Western culture ever composed.”

Which pope rejected war and supported las Casas?

As a direct result of the debates between the Dominicans and Franciscans and spurred on by Las Casas’s treatise, Pope Paul III promulgated the Bull “Sublimis Deus,” which stated that the Indians were rational beings and should be brought peacefully to the faith as such.

What is the history of the Florentine Codex?

The Florentine Codex is composed of 12 books created in 16th-century Mexico City at the Colegio de Santa Cruz de Tlatelolco, Mexico’s first college. The manuscript was sent to Europe shortly after completion in 1577 and acquired before 1587 by the Medici family, who kept the codex safe for centuries.

Who did Bartolome de las Casas speak out against?

Bartolomé de Las Casas was a Dominican priest who was one of the first Spanish settlers in the New World. After participating in the conquest of Cuba, Las Casas freed his own slaves and spoke out against Spanish cruelties and injustices in the empire.

Who wrote the Aztec codex?

Codex Florentine is a set of 12 books created under the supervision of Franciscan friar Bernardino de Sahagún between approximately 1540 and 1576.

What is Book 12 of the Florentine Codex about?

This is Book 12, Chapter 12 of the Florentine Codex, also known as the General History of the Things of New Spain. This particular book is about the Spanish invasion of Mexico in 1519 and their eventual consolidation of power in the capital.

Did Bartolome de las Casas know Christopher Columbus?

Bartolomé de Las Casas was a missionary, Dominican theologian, historian, and bishop of Chiapas. In 1493 he saw Christopher Columbus pass through Seville on his return from the first voyage across the Atlantic. That year Las Casas’s father, Pedro de Las Casas, and his uncles sailed with Columbus on his second voyage.

Why did Bartolome de las Casas criticize Spanish treatment of Native Americans?

While the Pope had granted Spain sovereignty over the New World, de Las Casas argued that the property rights and rights to their own labor still belonged to the native peoples. Natives were subjects of the Spanish crown, and to treat them as less than human violated the laws of God, nature, and Spain.

What did Bartolome de las Casas believe in?

Las Casas sought to change the methods of the Spanish conquest, and believed that both the Spaniards and indigenous communities could build a new civilization in America together. For this reason, during his stay in Spain he conceived the Plan para la reformación de las Indias (Plan for the Reformation of the Indies).