What is cross pass in heat exchanger?

Cross Flow. Cross flow heat exchangers have one medium flowing that flows perpendicular (at 90°) across the other. Cross flow heat exchangers are usually found in applications where one of the fluids changes state (2-phase flow).

How many passes can a heat exchanger have?

Shell and tube heat exchangers can have one, two, four, six, or eight passes, which are written 1-1, 1-2, 1-4, and so on. The first number is the number of shells. The second number is the number of passes. The number of passes is the number of times the fluid passes through the fluid in the shell.

What is the advantage of cross flow heat exchanger?

In cross flow exchangers, the hot and cold fluids move perpendicular to each other. This is often a convenient way to physically locate the inlet and outlet ports in a small package, and moreover, this is an efficient design compared to the parallel heat exchanger.

Is cross flow same as parallel flow?

Parallel flow – the hot fluid and the coolant flow in the same direction. Counter flow – The hot fluid and the coolant flow in opposite directions. Cross flow – the hot fluid and the coolant flow at 90° angles (perpendicular) to each other.

What is a 4 pass heat exchanger?

The Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger (4 pass) is an optional heat exchanger in the Pressure, Flow, Level, and Temperature Process Training Systems. The Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger (4 pass) is made of a series of tubes around which a watertight shell is built.

What is single pass heat exchanger?

Single-pass heat exchangers have fluids that pass each other only once. Multi-pass heat exchangers have fluids that pass each other more than once through the use of U tubes and baffles. Regenerative heat exchangers use the same fluid for heating and cooling.

What is baffle spacing?

Baffle spacing is one of the most important parameters used in the design of shell and tube heat exchangers. Closer spacing causes a higher heat transfer rate and pressure drop. On the other hand, a higher baffle spacing reduces both the heat transfer rate and pressure drop [11].

What is 4 pass heat exchanger?

Where are cross-flow heat exchangers used?

A cross-flow is typically less expensive than other types of heat exchanger. It is normally used where hygienic standards require that both airstreams are kept completely separate from one another. It is often used in heat recovery installations in large canteens, hospitals and in the food industry.

What are difference between cross-flow and counter flow heat exchanger?

The counterflow heat exchanger has two zones where heat transfer occurs. A crossflow zone (triangular parts) where air flows identically as it does in a crossflow heat exchanger, and a counterflow zone (rectangular parts) with genuine counterflow.

What is the example of cross flow type heat exchanger?

An example is a steam system’s condenser, in which the steam exiting the turbine enters the condenser shell side, and the cool water flowing in the tubes absorbs the heat from the steam, condensing it into water. Large volumes of vapor may be condensed using this type of heat exchanger flow.

What is cross temperature and number of passes in a heat exchanger?

In this article we’ll describe two less-talked about aspects of a heat exchanger: cross temperature and the number of passes. The terms describe the scenario where the outlet temperature of the cold fluid is higher than the outlet temperature of the hot fluid. The cross temperature point is where the two fluids have the same temperature.

How does a cross flow heat exchanger work?

In a cross-flow heat exchanger, the fluids travel roughly perpendicular to one another through the exchanger. For efficiency, heat exchangers are designed to maximize the surface area of the wall between the two fluids, while minimizing resistance to fluid flow through the exchanger.

Why do heat exchangers have two or more passes?

If the quantity of the fluid is not large, its speed inside the exchanger is low, and that reduces the capacity for exchange. With two or more passes inside the exchanger, the available space for each pass is reduced, the speed of the flow increases, and that generates more thermal exchange.

How many tube passes are there in a heat exchanger?

Shell and tube heat exchangers with two or four tube passes are common. where it might be approximately concurrent flow in some part of the heat exchanger and approximately parallel flow or crossflow in another part. Examples are the straight tube heat exchanger with 2 tube passes shown at the left and the two pass condenser shown at the right.