What is the cystic artery?

The cystic artery is the main artery supplying the gallbladder. It most commonly arises from the right hepatic artery within Calot triangle 1.

Why is it called the cystic artery?

It lies in the cystohepatic triangle (of Calot), an anatomical space whose borders are formed by the cystic duct, the common hepatic duct and the inferior surface of the liver….Cystic artery.

Origin Proper hepatic artery
Supply Gallbladder, common hepatic duct, cystic duct, proximal part of the common bile duct

Why cystic artery is called Bachelor artery?

The cystic artery (also known as bachelor artery) supplies oxygenated blood to the gallbladder and cystic duct.

Where is cystic artery?

Classical single cystic artery: The cystic artery originates from the right hepatic artery within Calot’s triangle. When approaching the gallbladder, the artery is divided into deep and superficial branches at the neck of the gallbladder. The superficial branch proceeds along the left side of the gallbladder.

Is cystic artery an end artery?

The cystic artery gives off small branches to the cystic duct as well. It is not an end artery; blood supply comes to the gallbladder from the liver in the gallbladder bed also.

What is calot’s node?

The cystic lymph node of Lund (also known as the Calot or Mascagni node) is the sentinel node for the gallbladder, and one of the structures in Calot triangle. It lies in close proximity to the cystic artery and is one of the structures removed during cholecystectomy.

What is Hepatocystic triangle?

Hepatocystic triangle and triangle of Calot. Hepatocystic triangle (blue): Upper boundary of hepatocystic triangle is the inferior border of liver. Lateral, the cystic duct and the neck of the gallbladder. Medial, the common hepatic duct. Triangle of Calot (yellow): Upper boundary is the cystic artery.

What is Calot’s node?

Why is Calot’s triangle important?

Hepatocystic triangle (aka Calot’s triangle) is a small (potential) triangular space at the porta hepatis of surgical importance as it is dissected during cholecystectomy. Its contents, the cystic artery and cystic duct must be identified before ligation and division to avoid intraoperative injury.