What is the structure and function of spinal cord?

Your spinal cord is the long, cylindrical structure that connects your brain and lower back. It contains tissues, fluids and nerve cells. A bony column of vertebrae surrounds and protects your spinal cord. Your spinal cord helps carry electrical nerve signals throughout your body.

What are the functions of spinal cord?

What does the spinal cord do?

  • Motor Functions – directs your body’s voluntary muscle movements.
  • Sensory Functions – monitors sensation of touch, pressure, temperature and pain.
  • Autonomic Functions – regulates digestion, urination, body temperature, heart rate, and dilation/contraction of blood vessels (blood pressure).

What are the two main functions of spinal cord Class 11?

– The spinal cord acts mainly in the transfer of nerve impulses from the motor cortex to the body. It also transfers information from the afferent fibres of the sensory neurons to the sensory cortex. It is also a hub for organising a variety of reflexes and includes reflex arcs that can individually control reflexes.

What are the functions of spinal cord Class 9?

Function Of Spinal Cord Facilitates flexible movements. Myelin present in the white matter acts as an electrical insulation. Communicates messages from the brain to different parts of the body. Coordinates reflexes.

What are the functions of spinal cord Class 10?

The functions of the spinal cord are: – It acts as a connecting link between the body (peripheral nervous system PNS) and the brain. – It provides a relay path for the impulses coming from the brain. – It is responsible for the conduction of the reflex action.

What is spinal cord write short note on it?

The spinal cord is a long, thin, tubular structure made up of nervous tissue, which extends from the medulla oblongata in the brainstem to the lumbar region of the vertebral column. It encloses the central canal of the spinal cord, which contains cerebrospinal fluid.

What are 31 spinal nerves?

In humans there are 31 pairs: 8 cervical, 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar, 5 sacral, and 1 coccygeal. Each pair connects the spinal cord with a specific region of the body. Near the spinal cord each spinal nerve branches into two roots.

What is the structure of the spinal cord?

Your spinal cord is a cylindrical structure that runs through the center of your spine, from your brainstem to your low back. It’s a delicate structure that contains nerve bundles and cells that carry messages from your brain to the rest of your body.

What are the 4 functions of the spinal cord?

Functions of the Spinal Cord •Conduction –bundles of fibers passing information up and down spinal cord •Locomotion –repetitive, coordinated actions of several muscle groups –central pattern generators are pools of neurons providing control of flexors and extensors (walking) •Reflexes

What are the funiculi of spinal cord?

FUNICULI OF SPINAL CORD 1. Dorsal Horn 2. Ventral Horn 3. Intermediate Zone (Intermediate Gray 4. Lateral Horn 5. Dorsal Funiculus 6. Ventral Funiculus 7. Lateral Funiculus 8. Lissauer’s Tract 9. Ventral Median Fissure 10.

How does the spinal cord work?

The spinal cord is a bundle of spinal nerves wrapped together. The spinal nerves enter and exit the spinal cord through small spaces between the vertebrae. The blood vessels which carry oxygen to the spinal cord also use these spaces. You have 8 pairs of cervical nerves, 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar and 6 sacral.