What kind of volcano is Mount Kenya?

Mount Kenya is a stratovolcano that was active in the Plio-Pleistocene. The original crater was probably over 6,000 m (19,700 ft) high; higher than Kilimanjaro. Since it became extinct there have been two major periods of glaciation, which are shown by two main rings of moraines below the glaciers.

Does Mount Kenya have a volcano?

At 5,199 m, Mount Kenya is the second highest peak in Africa. It is an ancient extinct volcano, which during its period of activity (3.1-2.6 million years ago) is thought to have risen to 6,500 m.

How did Mount Kenya erupt?

Mt. Kenya is a large fairy symmetrical volcanic cone. Its diameter at the base averages 120 km. It was formed between 2.6 and 3.1 million years ago by eruptions of successive layers of lava and agglomerates from a central vent in the earth’s surface.

How many volcanoes are in Kenya?

Volcanoes of Kenya (31)

Where is volcano in Kenya?

Mount Kenya, Swahili Kirinyaga, volcano, central Kenya, lying immediately south of the Equator. It is the second highest mountain in Africa after Kilimanjaro, which is located some 200 miles (320 km) to the south.

Who climbed Mount Kenya first?

Halford Mackinder
César OllierJoseph Brocherel
Mount Kenya/First ascenders

What was Mount Kenya named after?

The earliest foreign explorers referred to the mountain by the name the Kamba had given it, calling it “Kenia.” Thus, it is from “Kiinyaa,” that we draw our nation’s name – Kenya. Mount Kenya peaks are named Batian, Nelion and Point Lenana. These are in honor of three legendary Maasai Laibon.

What is the volcano called in Kenya?

Suswa is the closest active volcano to Nairobi, the capital of Kenya (50 km). Future eruptions of the volcano may have a significant effect on the city. Suswa volcano contains an unusual island-block and caldera structure which is also seen at Poseidonius and Gassendi craters on the moon.

Which volcano erupted recently in Kenya?

Suswa lies south of Longonot volcano and about 50 km WNW of the capital city of Nairobi. Construction of an early shield volcano was followed by eruption of voluminous Pleistocene pumice flows and lava flows that accompanied incremental formation of the caldera.

What is Mount Kenya made of?

It is the second highest mountain in Africa after Kilimanjaro, which is located some 200 miles (320 km) to the south. The Mount Kenya area was added to UNESCO’s World Heritage List in 1997. Afromontane moorland of tussocky grasses, giant groundsel, and lobelias on the slopes of Mount Kenya.