Who were the Antigonids?
The Antigonid dynasty (/ænˈtɪɡoʊnɪd/; Greek: Ἀντιγονίδαι) was a Hellenistic dynasty of Dorian Greek provenance, descended from Alexander the Great’s general Antigonus I Monophthalmus (“the One-Eyed”) that ruled mainly in Macedonia.
Who succeeded Antigonus?
Demetrius succeeded Antigonus I to the throne, and his son, Antigonus II Gonatas, strengthened the Macedonian kingdom by routing a band of Galatian invaders from Macedonia. In 239 Gonatas died, his resilience and solid work having given Macedonia a sound and durable government.
What area did Antigonus rule?
All of the diadochoi (Alexander’s successors) confirmed the existing boundaries and the freedom of the Greek cities. Antigonus, no longer regent but merely stratēgos (officer in charge) of the whole of Asia, was to rule in Syria and from the Hellespont to the Euphrates.
What did Macedonians call their armies?
Suitable men from the Macedonian peasantry were recruited into an infantry formation, called the phalanx. It was developed by Philip II, and later used by his son Alexander the Great in his conquest of the Achaemenid Persian Empire. These infantrymen were called Pezhetairoi, which translates as ‘Foot Companions’.
Where is Makedonia?
Location: North Macedonia is situated in Southeastern Europe, bordering Bulgaria to the east, Greece to the south, Serbia and Kosovo to the north, and Albania to the west. Area: 25,713 sq. km.
Who founded the Antigonid Kingdom?
Antigonus I Monophthalmus
The Antigonid dynasty, one of the four Hellenistic kingdoms that emerged after the death of the Alexander the Great, was established in 306 BC by its eponymous founder Antigonus I Monophthalmus (‘the One-Eyed’) and his son Demetrius Poliorcetes (‘the Besieger’).
What did Antigonus do?
Antigonus’ primary responsibility was to maintain Alexander’s lines of supply and communication; however, his stay there did not go smoothly. After Alexander and his massive army moved further south into Syria, the Persians attempted to regain some of the territory they had lost.
What is the meaning of Antigonus?
Definitions of Antigonus. a general of Alexander the Great and king of Macedonia; lost one eye; killed in a battle at Ipsus (382-301 BC) synonyms: Antigonus Cyclops, Monophthalmos. example of: Macedonian. a native or inhabitant of Macedon.
What was Alexander’s army called?
Ancient Macedonian army
|Ancient Macedonian army|
|Size||32,000+ – the field army for Alexander the Great’s invasion of the Achaemenid Empire – according to Diodorus Siculus. This figure fluctuated, for example at Gaugamela, Alexander commanded at least 47,000 soldiers.|
|Part of||Kingdom of Macedon|
|Allies||League of Corinth.|