What is ectopic Vesicae?

Exstrophy of the bladder (ectopia vesicae) is a rare congenital anomaly with an incidence of about 1 per 50,000. It is defined as an incomplete fusion of the mesoderm, which forms the tubercle genitalia, anterior wall of the bladder and inferior portion of the anterior abdominal wall.

What is associated with exstrophy of the bladder?

Bladder exstrophy (EK-stroh-fee) is a rare birth defect in which the bladder develops outside the fetus. The exposed bladder can’t store urine or function normally, resulting in urine leakage (incontinence). Problems caused by bladder exstrophy vary in severity.

What is the pathophysiology of epispadias?

Epispadias is a rare birth defect located at the opening of the urethra. In this condition, the urethra does not develop into a full tube, and the urine exits the body from an abnormal location. The causes of epispadias are unknown. It may be related to improper development of the pubic bone.

What is the difference between hypospadias and epispadias?

In hypospadias, the urethra doesn’t fully develop and reach the penis tip. The urethra opening ends up in a different position along the bottom of the penis. In epispadias, the tube also doesn’t form correctly. The opening is on the top of the penis.

What is Oeis complex?

OEIS complex refers to a combination of defects consisting of omphalocele, exstrophy of the cloaca, imperforate anus, and spinal defects.

Is epispadias dorsal or ventral?

Epispadias is a rare urogenital anomaly characterized by the failure of the urethral tube to tubularize on the dorsal aspect. Although commonly associated as a part of bladder exstrophy-epispadias-complex (BEEC), isolated epispadias occurs less frequently.

Is ectopic ureter genetic?

It can happen in boys or girls, but is more common in girls. There is also no proof that something during pregnancy causes it. It is known to be hereditary (passed down in a family). If you had an ectopic ureter, then each of your children has a one-half chance of having this duplicated system.