What is exposure and response prevention psychology?

ERP is a type of behavioral therapy that exposes people to situations that provoke their obsessions and the resulting distress while helping them prevent their compulsive responses. The ultimate goal of ERP is to free people from the cycle of obsessions and compulsions so they can live better.

What is an ERP therapist?

What Is Exposure and Response Prevention (ERP) Therapy? ERP therapy is a behavioral therapy that gradually exposes people to situations designed to provoke a person’s obsessions in a safe environment.

Is ERP the same as exposure therapy?

Exposure and Response Prevention, commonly referred to as ERP , is a therapy that encourages you to face your fears and let obsessive thoughts occur without ‘putting them right’ or ‘neutralising’ them with compulsions.

Is ERP the same as CBT?

CBT refers to a group of similar types of therapies used by mental health therapists for treating psychological disorders, with the most important type of CBT for OCD being Exposure and Response Prevention (ERP).

Is exposure therapy a form of CBT?

A form of CBT, exposure therapy is a process for reducing fear and anxiety responses. In therapy, a person is gradually exposed to a feared situation or object, learning to become less sensitive over time. This type of therapy has been found to be particularly effective for obsessive-compulsive disorder and phobias.

Is CBT an exposure therapy?

What is the difference between CBT and exposure therapy?

CBT is an umbrella term that refers to a large category of both cognitive and behavioral therapies. Exposure Therapy is a behavioral therapy and therefore falls under the larger term of Behavioral Therapy. Exposure with Response Prevention is a specific type of Exposure Therapy that was designed to treat OCD.


As a therapeutic approach, EMDR is based on several theories of psychotherapy, including concepts of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).

Is ERP therapy hard?

While everyone responds to therapy differently, most see a decrease in OCD symptoms within anywhere from eight to 16 weeks; some even find their symptoms disappear altogether. But ERP does take effort. It’s hard, uncomfortable, and the opposite of what most people with OCD are used to doing (avoiding discomfort).

Does ERP get easier?

In some cases, it’s possible that ERP therapy may be a lifelong commitment. As time goes on, however, most people with OCD find that managing their symptoms gets easier with proper care and management techniques.