What is feronia in plants?

Feronia, also known as FER or protein Sirene, is a recognition receptor kinase found in plants. FER plays a significant part in the plant immune system as a receptor kinase which assists in immune signaling within plants, plant growth, and plant reproduction. FER is regulated by the Rapid Alkalinization Factor (RALF).

Which plant is Arabidopsis?

Arabidopsis thaliana is a small flowering plant that is widely used as a model organism in plant biology. Arabidopsis is a member of the mustard (Brassicaceae) family, which includes cultivated species such as cabbage and radish.

Is Arabidopsis an annual plant?

Arabidopsis thaliana is an annual (rarely biennial) plant, usually growing to 20–25 cm tall. The leaves form a rosette at the base of the plant, with a few leaves also on the flowering stem.

Can you eat Arabidopsis?

We can make it sweet (with sugar or with sugar substitutions), sour or hot, enrich it with antioxidants, vitamins, pigments, amino acids, or fats, and use it to express many other medicines and natural products. We already eat or process quite a number of the Brassicaceae, and Arabidopsis could join these crops.

Why is Arabidopsis a good model plant?

Arabidopsis was originally adopted as a model organism because of its usefulness for genetic experiments. Important features included a short generation time, small size that limited the requirement for growth facilities, and prolific seed production through self-pollination.

Why Arabidopsis is world best studied plant?

Because the plant has a small genome and is easy to grow, plant biologists have used it for decades to study the cellular secrets of all plant life. By 2015, scientists had written more than 54,000 papers about Arabidopsis, and since then, about 4,000 more have been published each year.

How long does Arabidopsis take to grow?

Arabidopsis can be grown in a variety of locations, growth media, and environmental conditions. Most laboratory accessions and their mutant or transgenic derivatives flower after 4-5 weeks and set seeds after 7-8 weeks, under standard growth conditions (soil, long day, 23 ºC).

What are the disadvantages of Arabidopsis?

Certainly Arabidopsis has some disadvantages as well. In particular, it does not produce fruit, and it is a dicot (while many of the world’s food staples are monocots). So there are definite limits to the amount of information which can be extrapolated to fruit-bearing plants and the cereals.

How do you grow Arabidopsis?

One of the easiest ways to grow Arabidopsis in the classroom is on grow shelves like the ones highlighted at the bottom of this page. In general, Arabidopsis grows best at room temperature (71-73˚ F) in continuous light or a 16/8 hour light/dark cycle, with a light intensity of 120-150 µmol/m2.

Where is Arabidopsis found?

Arabidopsis occurs naturally throughout temperate regions of the world including Europe, East Africa, Asia and Japan. It is also found in North America and Australia, following introduction to these regions.

Why Arabidopsis is a model plant?

What is Feronia?

(2013) FERONIA: a malectin-like domain-containing receptor kinase in Arabidopsis thaliana, insight into polarized cell growth, pollen tube-pistil interactions and sugar signaling. Ph.D. Dissertation, U. Massachusetts, Amherst, MA . . .

Is Feronia a pleiotropic phenotype?

FERONIA is broadly expressed, and loss-of-function feronia mutants have highly pleiotropic phenotypes.

Are Feronia mutants more resistant to disease?

When infected by F. oxysporum, feronia mutants were more resistant to disease symptoms relative to wild-type plants ( Masachis et al., 2016 ).

How does Feronia inhibit JA and Cor signaling?

Here, we show that the receptor kinase FERONIA (FER) functions to inhibit JA and COR signaling by phosphorylating and destabilizing MYC2, thereby positively regulating immunity. Conversely, the peptide ligand RALF23 acts through FER to stabilize MYC2 and elevate JA signaling, negatively contributing to plant immunity.