What is Microsporidial keratitis?

Keratitis is inflammation of the cornea with associated infiltration of inflammatory cells. Out of various infective and non-infective causes, infective keratitis is more common. Microsporidial keratitis is one such infective keratitis caused by microsporidia species.

What causes interstitial keratitis?

This condition is often caused by infections. Syphilis is the most common cause of interstitial keratitis, but rare causes include: Autoimmune diseases, like rheumatoid arthritis and sarcoidosis. Leprosy.

What causes amebic keratitis?

This infection is caused by a tiny ameba (single-celled living organism) called Acanthamoeba. Acanthamoeba causes Acanthamoeba keratitis when it infects the cornea, the clear dome that covers the colored part of the eye 1.

Where are microsporidia found?

microsporidian, any parasitic fungus of the phylum Microsporidia (kingdom Fungi), found mainly in cells of the gut epithelium of insects and the skin and muscles of fish. They also occur in annelids and some other invertebrates. Infection is characterized by enlargement of the affected tissue.

What are the symptoms microsporidiosis?

Symptoms vary but include chronic diarrhea, abdominal pain, fever, weight loss, and eye inflammation. Doctors diagnose the infection by identifying microsporidia in a sample of the infected tissue or in stool, urine, or other body fluids. Drugs can control but not eliminate the infection.

Can interstitial keratitis be cured?

Corticosteroids have a role in the local therapy of most forms of bacteria-mediated interstitial keratitis, but all will require specific systemic antibiotics to cure the underlying disease.

What does interstitial keratitis look like?

Interstitial keratitis, which is rare in the US, involves chronic inflammation of the middle corneal layers. Findings include pain, tearing, decreased visual acuity, and often orange-red discoloration of the cornea and anterior uveitis.

Is Acanthamoeba keratitis curable?

Skin infections that are caused by Acanthamoeba but have not spread to the central nervous system can be successfully treated. Because this is a serious infection and the people affected typically have weakened immune systems, early diagnosis offers the best chance at cure.

How do I know if I have Acanthamoeba keratitis?

Symptoms of Acanthamoeba keratitis include the following: Sensitivity to light and excessive tearing. Blurred vision with eye redness and pain. Sensations of having something in your eye.