What is pituitary gland hypophysis?

Your pituitary gland (also known as hypophysis) is a small, pea-sized gland located at the base of your brain below your hypothalamus. It sits in its own little chamber under your brain known as the sella turcica. It’s a part of your endocrine system and is in charge of making several essential hormones.

What is the function of the hypophysis?

The hypophysis or pituitary gland is a neuroendocrine gland that regulates growth, reproduction, metabolism, stress response, and lactation by relaying signals from the brain to the correct peripheral organs.

What does hypophysis mean?

pituitary gland
hypophysis in British English (haɪˈpɒfɪsɪs ) nounWord forms: plural -ses (-ˌsiːz ) the technical name for pituitary gland.

What do you mean by hypophysis Class 11?

The Pituitary gland, also known as the hypophysis, is a pea-sized endocrine gland situated at the base of our brain. It is often referred to as the ‘Master Gland’ because it produces some of the important hormones in the body.

Is hypophysis the same as the pituitary gland?

Pituitary gland (hypophysis) The pituitary gland (hypophysis), is the master gland of the endocrine system. It is an ovoid-shaped structure, located in the sella turcica of sphenoid bone. The pituitary gland is anatomically and functionally closely related to the hypothalamus.

What are the two divisions of the hypophysis?

Key Takeaways

  • The pituitary gland, or hypophysis, is an endocrine gland about the size of a pea.
  • The pituitary gland is divided into two parts, the anterior pituitary and the posterior pituitary.

How do you spell hypophysis?

noun, plural hy·poph·y·ses [hahy-pof-uh-seez, hi-]. Anatomy. pituitary gland.

What is pituitary gland Class 12?

The pituitary gland is a part of your endocrine system. Its main function is to secrete hormones into your bloodstream. These hormones can affect other organs and glands, especially your: thyroid. reproductive organs.

What is the relationship between the hypothalamus and the hypophysis?

The hypothalamus is connected to the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland by means of a special portal blood system. Moreover, the hypothalamus is directly connected to the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland by means of neurons. Therefore, the hypothalamus regulates the function of the pituitary gland.

Why is pituitary gland called master gland?

Anatomy of the pituitary gland The pituitary gland is sometimes called the “master” gland of the endocrine system because it controls the functions of many of the other endocrine glands. The pituitary gland is no larger than a pea, and is located at the base of the brain.

Where is pituitary glands?

the brain
The pituitary gland is no larger than a pea, and is located at the base of the brain. The gland is attached to the hypothalamus (a part of the brain that affects the pituitary gland) by nerve fibers and blood vessels.