What is the principle of radiography testing?

It is based on the principle that radiation is absorbed and scattered as it passes through an object. If there are variations in thickness or density (e.g. due to defects) in an object, more or less radiation passes through and affects the film exposure.

What are the equipment used in radiographic inspection?

Dosimeter film badges are commonly used to measure and record radiation exposure due to X-rays, gamma rays, and beta particles. The detector is a piece of radiation sensitive film.

What is meant by 10% radiography?

So, the meaning of 10 % spot radiography is 10 % of total weld length.

How many techniques are there in radiography?

The four most commonly utilized digital radiography techniques in the oil & gas and chemical processing industries are computed radiography, direct radiography, real-time radiography, and computed tomography.

What is difference between NDE and NDT?

While NDT is restricted to testing, NDE includes both testing and the evaluation of the results. That is, NDT is used to locate defects in an asset while NDE is used to locate defects while also measuring the size, shape, orientation, and other physical characteristics of the defect.

What are the limitations of radiographic testing?

Radiography limitations: Relatively slow inspection process. Sensitive to flaw orientation. Usualy not possible to determine depth of indications. Two-sided access to test object is required.

Which machine is used for radiography?

Radiography equipment used for x-raying artwork. Medical x-ray systems. X-ray fluorescence analyzers (portable and bench-top) X-ray photoelectron spectrometers.

How many types of radiography are there?

There are three types of diagnostic radiographs taken in today’s dental offices — periapical (also known as intraoral or wall-mounted), panoramic, and cephalometric. Periapical radiographs are probably the most familiar, with images of a few teeth at a time captured on small film cards inserted in the mouth.

What is RT level?

This course focuses on the theory and principles of radiation and their application to radiography. Subjects also included in this course include handling and processing radiographic film, radiography techniques, image quality, basic radiographic interpretation and the safe use of RT equipment.

What are the two radioactive source used in radiographic testing?

The two most common radionuclides used in industrial radiography are Iridium-192 and Cobalt-60.