How do you control tomato fruit borer?
Spraying of Endosulfan 35EC @ 2.0l/ha or Cypermethrin 10EC @ 500 ml/ha in 250 liters of water /ha the first spray should be at the flowering stage and followed by sprays at either 10 or 15 days interval gives effective control of fruit borer.
How do you control a Tuta?
Use insecticides that are registered for the control of Tuta absoluta. The main concern with this pest is that it can rapidly develop resistance to pesticide, so rotating insecticides with different modes of action in controlling the pest is recommended.
Which chemical is used to spray tomatoes?
According to University of California IPM Online, synthetic insecticidal sprays for tomatoes may contain one of the following ingredients: permethrin, bifenthrin, cyhalothrin, malathion, carbaryl or cyfluthrin.
How do you prevent fruit borers?
Remove damaged and infested shoots and fruits and dispose properly. Use of attractant or pheromone lure to suppress male population. Spray botanical insecticides such as neem, hot pepper and kakawate extracts. Cultivate the soil by plowing and harrowing and use plastic mulch to minimize pupation in the soil.
How do you control Helicoverpa armigera in tomatoes?
For Helicoverpa armigera: HaNPV 1.5 x 1012 POBs/ha i.e. NPV of H. armigera 0.43% AS @ 3.0 ml/lit or 2 % AS @ 1.0 ml per lit. For Spodoptera litura: Sl NPV 1.5 x 1012 POBs/ha. Provide poison bait with carbaryl 50 WP 1.25 kg, rice bran 12.5 kg, jaggery 1.25 kg and water 7.5 lit/ha.
How do you control Spodoptera Litura?
litura can also be controlled by putting jaggery and rice bran baits. This is prepared by dissolving 6.25 kg jaggery in 12.5 litres of water and adding to this emamectin benzoate 5 SG 200 ml. To this 25 kg rice bran is slowly added by mixing it thoroughly with a smooth stick so that the bait is made into small balls.
What kills Tuta?
Biocontrol and biopesticides For example, predatory mirid bugs can control Tuta absoluta. Two predatory mirids (Nesidiocoris tenuis and Macrolophus pygmaeus) are sometimes found naturally but both can also be bought commercially as biocontrol controls in certain countries, such as in Spain and France.
What chemicals are used in growing tomatoes?
Chemical ingredients may include carbaryl, abamectin, acetamiprid, cyfluthrin, cyromazine, dimethoate, dinotefuran, endosulfan, esfenvalerate, fenpropathrin, imidacloprid, indoxacarb, malathion, methamidophos, methomyl, methoxyfenozide, oxamyl, pymetrozine, pyrethrin, pyriproxyfen, spinosad and spiromesifen.
What is the tomato fruit borer and what causes it?
The larvae remain inside the fruit, feeding, and as they approach the pupal stage, they push their way out of the fruit, leaving another scar that allows pathogenic microorganisms to enter the fruit. In Brazil, the tomato fruit borer causes losses of around 45% of the national production, and this figure can be as high as 100% in some regions.
What is respiration rate in tomato fruit?
Respiration rate is one of the most important indicators of senescence in tomato fruit, as are weight loss, pigment content, firmness and ethylene production ( Meir et al., 1992, Maharaj et al., 1999 ).
What is the host plant of the tomato borer?
Its host plants are the Solanum species, which includes tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), aubergine (Solanum melongena), gilo (Solanum aethiopicum), and sweet pepper, among others. Appearance and life cycle of the Tomato fruit borer. The eggs are white and vary in number, with an average of three per fruit.
What is the best treatment for tomato borer?
There were 3 treatments, T1 Profit (Emamectin Benzoate, 1.9% EC & 90% Tech.) 500 ml/Acre, T2 (16000) of biological control agent (egg Parasitoid) and T3 (control plot). 16000 eggs of the parasitoid Trichogram chilonis, released per hectare were most effective in controlling tomato fruit borer.