Should you include citations in an abstract?

In the case of the social sciences, abstract are generally written to be independent of the other sections of the paper or manuscript, so citations in the abstract are avoided. You may include a citation, but sometimes you have to include all the bibliographic details.

How many times do you have to cite the same source in a paragraph APA?

Including just one citation at the end of a paragraph is not sufficient unless the last sentence is the only information in the paragraph that came from the cited source. Cite sources often and correctly throughout a paragraph in order to avoid unintentional plagiarism.

How do you cite an article abstract?

Author(s) of abstract. Title of abstract [abstract]. In: Name of conference or title of publication.; conference dates; place of conference. Place of publication: publisher; date of publication.

Can you cite the same source twice?

If you are citing them in-text more than once, and you are referring to the same source each time, then you can simply reuse that same in-text reference with a single entry on your references page at the end. If you are citing the same author, but from different sources, you may have to take a different approach.

How do you use two quotes in a sentence?

For a direct quotation of two or more sentences with the attribution at the beginning of the first sentence, put a colon, not a comma, after the attribution and place the quotation in double quotation marks.

Do you have to cite to be or not to be?

If you come across the phrase “to be or not to be” and use it in your paper, you have to cite it.

Where does the page number go in APA citation?

The Basics

  1. For in-text citations, the page number always appears in brackets at the end of the sentence where you used the citation.
  2. If the source has no page number, use the paragraph number or section heading instead.

How do you parenthetically cite two sources in one sentence APA?

When citing multiple works parenthetically, place the citations in alphabetical order, separating them with semicolons. Arrange two or more works by the same authors by year of publication. Place citations with no date first, followed by works with dates in chronological order.

Do you have to cite the original source?

You should always try to read and cite the original work (the primary source). If it is not possible to do this, you have to cite the original as contained in the secondary source. Your in-text citation should include both authors: the author(s) of the original source and the author(s) of the secondary source.

What needs to be cited apa?

You must cite a reference when you:

  • Discuss, summarize, or paraphrase the ideas of an author.
  • Provide a direct quotation.
  • Use statistical or other data.
  • Use images, graphics, videos, and other media.

What to do if two in text citations are the same?

When your parenthetical citation includes two or more works, order them the same way they appear in the reference list (viz., alphabetically), separated by a semi-colon. If you cite multiple works by the same author in the same parenthetical citation, give the author’s name only once and follow with dates.

How do you cite two quotes from the same page in one sentence?

If your references/quotes run concurrent to each other, you can use one citation at the end, i.e., (Smith 23, 32). This works best with direct quotes because it indicates that the first quote is from page 23 and the second from 32. The cited text must directly follow each other.

How do you quote two sentences in a row?

To properly cite the ideas of an author who you have paraphrased in two or more sentences in a row, you will need to include a reference to the author and the appropriate parenthetical citation at the end of the last paraphrased sentence.

Do you have to cite things you already know?

It doesn’t matter what you know. You use citations to showcase two things: the research you’ve done, and your critical thinking skills. Don’t cite anything non-controversial facts (dates, names – the information you’d find in a dictionary or encyclopedia).

How do you cite two quotes in the same sentence?

For multiple citations in one sentence MLA, you will need to mention the name of the first author and then the “et al” phrase (that means others) excluding quotation marks. For instance, “In a discussion by Dee and his colleagues….”or you can include in-text citations in the end as (Dee et al.

What does mean when quoting?

Quotation means placing a source’s words in quotation marks and using them exactly as you found them, whereas paraphrasing means putting borrowed ideas or information into your own words.

Can a quote be two sentences?

A longer quotation might span multiple sentences. Use four ellipsis points (rather than three) to indicate any omission between two sentences.