What causes thumb hyperextension?

Hyperextension of the finger usually occurs at the knuckle joint (MCP) or at the tip of the finger (mallet finger). This often occurs from catching a fast paced ball and is therefore common in cricketers, goalkeepers and basketball players. It can also be caused by landing on an outstretched hand from a heavy fall.

How long does it take for sprained thumb to heal?

A mild sprain usually heals within four to six weeks if you wear a splint or cast to immobilize your thumb and refrain from activities that irritate it. A more severe thumb sprain, such as a grade 3 sprain, could take several months before it’s fully healed and you’re able to use your thumb like normal again.

How do you treat a jammed thumb in baseball?

principle – Protection, Rest, Icing, Compression, Elevation – for treating acute injuries. If the athlete has only mild swelling and no instability, the athlete should apply an ice pack to the thumb for twenty minutes every two hours for the first two to three days.

How do you tell if a thumb is broken or sprained?

They often include:

  1. Pain and discomfort at the base of the thumb.
  2. Bruising at the base of the thumb.
  3. Swelling at the base of the thumb.
  4. Stiffness.
  5. Tenderness of the thumb, towards the palm of your hand.
  6. If the ligament is completely torn, the end of the torn ligament may cause a lump on the thumb.

How do you prevent a hyperextended thumb?

For Thumb MCP Hyperextension Use the SilverRing™ Thumb MCP Splint to block hyperextension of a MCP joint. Use on thumbs that can actively abduct; do not use on thumbs that are adducted. A bracelet is available to secure this splint on the thumb and can be worn multiple ways.

Should I wrap a sprained thumb?

Wear a compression bandage or thumb support to protect the joint and help reduce swelling. This should be worn all the time during the acute phase. Later in the rehabilitation stage, a more specific taping or thumb splint support to prevent the thumb bending backward may be more beneficial.

Can a sprained thumb heal by itself?

A sprain occurs when a ligament is stretched or torn. The most common thumb sprain involves a tear to the ulnar collateral ligament. Most sprains heal with home remedies and do not require surgery.

Can a torn thumb ligament heal itself?

A torn ligament cannot fully heal itself. Surgery for the thumb collateral ligaments is usually done as an outpatient procedure, meaning you will probably go home the same day as the surgery.

What is MCP hyperextension?

Hyperextension of the middle joint of the thumb beyond a neutral position may result in a painful and unstable joint, decreased power, and difficulty in grasping large objects. Without stabilizing or “blocking” the hyperextension, the joint can become dislocated resulting in a loss of function.

What is a hyperextended finger?

The volar plate is one of the main ligaments that prevents hyperextension from occurring. A hyperextended finger usually occurs when your finger is bent too far backward or sideways. Depending on the cause of the injury or the area that’s been affected, a hyperextended finger might go by several different names.

What are the symptoms of hyperextension injury of the finger?

(3) The cause of this condition can include: playing racket sports and a heavy fall on an outstretched arm. (3) Symptoms of hyperextension injury of the finger include; pain, tingling and difficulty in moving the injured finger. Treatment of hyperextension injury of the finger consists of splinting the finger, ice compresses and physiotherapy.

How is tension applied during a stress X-ray of the thumb?

During a stress x-ray, tension is applied to the thumb to test the stability of the MCP joint. Reproduced from JF Sarwark, ed: Essentials of Musculoskeletal Care, ed 4.

What causes a thumb to bend backwards?

This usually happens when a strong force bends the thumb backwards, away from the palm of the hand. The most common way for this to occur is by falling onto an outstretched hand.